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Epidemic Disaster

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What is Epidemic Disaster?

An epidemic occurs when an infection disease spreads rapidly too many people.A disease (infection) that is spread (in general by transmission) affecting a large part of the population over a wide area.


Cases of Epidemic Disaster

Malaria- malaria is a very common disaster in developing countries. Malaria is the one of the most widespread disaster in the world. Each year there are 300 to 500 million clinical cases of malaria, 90 percent of them in Africa alone.

Chickenpox- an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, these days chickenpox is usually mild illness, frequent among children- though any case of chicken pox in teenagers or adults is still a matter of more concern. But before a vaccine was developed to curb chicken pox, it used to be a nightmare infection among a wide range of populations.

Hepatitis- Hepatitis is the inflammation of liver. It can be caused by viruses (five different viruses— termed A, B, C, D and E cause viral Hepatitis), bacterial infections, or continuous expo­sure to alcohol, drugs, or toxic chemicals, such as those found in aerosol sprays and paint thinners, or as a result, of an auto-immune disorder.



Causes of Epidemic Disaster

The conditions which govern the outbreak of epidemics include infected food supplies such as contaminated drinking water and the migration of populations of certain animals, such as rats or mosquitoes, which can act as disease vectors. Certain epidemics occur at certain seasons.


Effects of Epidemic Disaster

  • Worsening of already poor sanitary conditions resulting in aggravation of epidemics.
  • Scarcity of clean food and water leading to malnutrition and starvation.
  • Economic loss arising from lack of strength of cultivates.
  • Social and political disruption due to tension and law and order problems.
  • Epidemic situations also worsen the already overburdened health services, as the scare available resources have to be diverted for controlling and management of epidemics.
  • Many people are dead in epidemic.



Safety tips from Epidemic Disaster

  • Proper cleanliness measures, proper disposal of solid waste and liquid waste will help in decreasing the breeding of flies and mosquitoes.
  • By improving the nutritional status and by mass vaccination programmes, the resistance of the individuals can be increased thereby checking the spread of an epidemic.
  • Non-government organization can play a very useful role in the effort.
  • Water should be boiled before drinking. Once the water starts boiling, continue boiling it for at least 10 minutes.
  • Keep the area around your house clean.
  • Don't underestimate fever.



How to Stop Epidemic Disaster

Establish a surveillance system and an outbreak-response plan for diseases that are likely to be a problem. Add to that stockpile of medications and equipment you might need. Look out for symptoms of disease including acute diarrhoea, symptoms of cholera, acute jaundice, acute haemorrhaging and any cluster of unexplained deaths. We have to take all the vaccines on the time and remember all the things for stop the epidemic.



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