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Viswanathan Anand


Viswanathan Anand was born on 11December 1969 in Tamil Nadu into a Brahmin family. His father, Viswanathan Iyer worked with the Southern Railways while his mother Susheela was a housewife. Anand is the youngest of three siblings. His mother was a big fan of chess and taught him to play the game when he was just five or six years old. She encouraged and motivated he a lot and this build the foundation for his future career as a chess player. In 1983 he won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship at the age of 14. By the time he was 16 he had become the national chess champion. He won the World Junior Chess Championship in 1987 and became the first Indian to do so. He became India’s first Grandmaster in 1988 when he was just 18. He completed his schooling from Don Bosco Matriculation Higher Secondary School before enrolling at the Loyola College, Chennai.



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He won the Reggio Emilia tournament in 1991. It is Italy’s most renowned tournament, and Anand at just 22 won it ahead of the greats like Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov. He tried to secure a place in the World Chess Championship 1993 where he qualified for his first Candidates Tournament. He, however, lost the quarter final match to Karpov. In the PCA World Chess Championship 1995 he won the matches against Oleg Romanishin, Michael Adams and Gata Kamsky in the Candidates final. He played the finals against Garry Kasparov which he ultimately lost to the Russian legend. Again in 1998 Anand cleared the candidates round by defeating Michael Adams in the final and faced the reigning champion Karpov in the World Chess Championship finals. Karpov had a psychological advantage over Anand and easily defended his title.

The year 2000 was a good one for Anand. He played in the World Chess Championship and won his first title after several years of near-hits. He beat Alexei Shirov to clinch the World Chess Championship. He looked forward to defend his title in 2002 though he lost in the semifinals to Russia’s Vassily Ivanchuk. It would be many years before Anand would win the World Championship again. Playing at the championship in Mexico City in 2007, he won the double round-robin tournament to emerge as the only undefeated player in the tournament and won the championship. Playing in the 2008 World Championship, he successfully defended his title against Kramnik, thus earning high praise from the legendary Garry Kasparov.

In the World Chess Championship 2010, he was challenged by Veselin Topalov for the title of the World Chess Champion. In spite of certain disruptions in the schedule, Anand went on to win the match and defend his title. He faced Boris Gelfand, the winner of the 2011 Candidates Matches in the finals of the World Chess Championship 2012. During the finals, Anand won the last match in only 17 moves and retained his title. In 2013 the defending champion Anand faced 22 year old Magnus Carlsen who was the winner of the 2013 Candidates Tournament. Carlsen defeated Anand to become the new World Chess Champion.


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Personal Life

Viswanathan Anand is a very mild manneres and unassuming person. He refrains from and political and psychological issues and prefers focussing on his game instead. His habits inclide swimming, reading and listening to music, aside from solvong puzzles. He is married to Aruna, and has a son who was born in 2011.



2012:- CNN-IBN Indian of the Year, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year, Indian Sportsperson of the Year, Indian of the Year

2007:- Padma Vibhushan, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year

2001:- Padma Bhushan

1998:- Book of the Year, Sportstar Millennium

1991:- Chess Oscar, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

1988:- Padma Shri Award

1987:- National Citizens, Soviet Land Nehru

1985:- Arjuna Award


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