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School Age Child Development

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Playing and learning

Your child’s play is complex now, and he often plays out ideas he’s come across at school or in the media. For example, you might find yourself serving dinner to an elf, a rock star – or maybe even the Prime Minister!

Because your child is better at controlling her own behavior and emotions, she also copes better with games that involve rules, as well as winning and losing.

Your child enjoys making friends and being a friend. Friendships give him a sense of belonging and help him learn and practice basic social skills like sharing and negotiating.

Friendships can also be challenging because friends can sometimes be bossy or cranky. Sometimes they might even leave your child out – for example, ‘If you play with David you can’t be my friend anymore!’ Most of your child’s relationships will be positive, but keep an eye out for signs of bullying.

You child might also start to play more with children of the same gender.


Your child wants to please the important adults in her life, like her parents and teachers, so doing things the ‘right way’ becomes very important to her. On the other hand, she might sometimes seem over-confident.

Your child is more easily embarrassed and more sensitive to other people’s views and beliefs. In fact, your child has lots of empathy for family and friends when they’re distressed. But at times he can be very self-critical and might need your help to focus on the things he does well.

You might notice that your child is more aware of events she’s seen or heard on the news, like natural disasters. This growing awareness of the world can cause some anxiety and fear, so it’s important to talk with your child about what’s going on in a way she can understand.


Your child has a much better understanding of the relationship between cause and effect and begins to see how his actions affect other people, although sometimes he still seems self-centered.

Your child’s memory is improving and she can group objects according to size, shape and color. She has a good understanding of numbers and can do simple moths problems like adding and subtracting.

Be prepared for lots of questions as your child keeps exploring the world around him. You might find he’ll do small experiments to see how things work. What happens if I fill up the basin and tip in your soap, toothpaste and make-up, Mum?

There’s a lot happening at this age, so don’t be surprised if your child gets distracted easily and forgets small requests and directions from you.

Talking and communicating

Your child can follow more complex directions and use language to explore her thoughts and feelings. The average eight-year-old learns about 20 new words per day, mostly through being read to or reading.

Your child now has longer and more complex conversations, and you should be able to understand all of his speech.

Your eight-year-old is learning to voice her opinions and has lots of energy and emotion when telling stories. She can follow a simple recipe, write stories about her activities, write an email or instant message, and read to herself in bed at night.


Your child enjoys testing his physical limits and developing more complex moving skills, like running in a zig-zag pattern, jumping down steps, doing a cartwheel and catching small balls.

Your child is getting better at combining gross motor skills like running to kick a ball or skipping while turning a rope. These physical skills depend on how often your child practices them. Structured sports like dance classes, tennis and soccer all help, but lots of opportunities to run, kick, throw, cartwheel and more are just as important.

Your child’s fine motor skills are well developed now, so she can now brush her teeth and do other daily hygiene tasks without your help. She can cut out irregular shapes and write smaller letters inside the lines in her school books.

Daily life and behavior

At this age, your child’s life is all about his family, school, friends and after-school activities. He might enjoy collecting items like footy cards, shells or small figurines.

Your child’s morals and values are developing, and she might share strong opinions about whether things are right or wrong. She’ll also be more aware of what others are doing, which might lead to comparisons like ‘She’s better at drawing than me’ or complaints about siblings getting more than her.

Your child is even more independent and wants more say in what he can and can’t do. As part of this independence, he enjoys doing more chores around the house – at least sometimes! But spending time with you is still important to him.

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