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Maithili Sharan Gupt

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Name- Maithili Sharan Gupt

DOB- August 3, 1886 Chirgaon, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, British India

Father- Seth Ramcharan Gupta

Mother- Kashibai

Death- December 12, 1964 (aged 78)



Early Life and Education

He was born in Chirgaon, Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh in the Kankane clan of the Gahoi community in a family that was once a wealthy zaminar family, but the wealth was lost by the time he was born. His father was Seth Ramcharan Gupta and mother's name was Kashibai. He disliked school as a child, so his father arranged for his education at their home. As a child, Gupt studied Sanskrit, English and Bengali. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi was his mentor. He married in 1895.

He was the teacher of Dewan Shatrughan Singh (Bundelkhandi Royal), who is known as Bundelkhand Kesri & Bundelkhand Gandhi.


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Though Maithili Sharan Gupt did not have a formal schooling, he did enjoy a flourishing career in Hindi literature, largely because of his profound knowledge of the Hindi language. Maithili Sharan Gupt's literary career started with writing poems for popular Hindi magazines like Saraswati. In the year 1910, Maithili Sharan Gupt experienced the first taste of success among masses after 'Rang Mein Bhang' was published by the Indian Press. The chief subject of his poems and the plots for most of his plays were inspired from mythological plots from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. He also liked dealing with the lives of religious leaders from across the world and stories revolving around Lord Buddha. While 'Saket' deals with the story of Urmila, Lakshmana's wife from Ramayana, his other famous work 'Yashodhara' has Yashodhara, the wife of Gautama Buddha as its central plot. 'Bharat Bharati' was one of the most popular collections of poems written by Maithili Sharan Gupt. The nationalistic spirit portrayed through 'Bharat Bharati' was widely circulated in British dominated India serving as an inspiration for freedom fighters. Apart from drama and poetry, Maithili Sharan Gupt also translated a couple of popular Sanskrit works to the Hindi language, Hindi translations of 'Rubaiyat' and 'Swapnavaasavdatta' being the most popular among them.

Political Career

Maithili Sharan Gupt also had a brief career in the politics of India after independence. Shortly after India acquired independence in August 1947, Maithili Sharan Gupt was appointed an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha in the Indian Parliament. Even during his stint at the Rajya Sabha, Maithili Sharan Gupt did not stop writing. In fact he was known to use lines from his poetry while putting forward his opinions in the upper house of the parliament. He remained a Rajya Sabha member till his death in the year 1965.


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Personal Life

He married in 1895.



Maithili Sharan Gupt breathed his last on December 12, 1964. He was 78 years of age at the time of death.


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