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Muslim Wedding

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Introduction of Muslim Wedding

Muslims are very specific about their religion when they marry. Though most other cultures have changed stands and have accepted their children choosing the partners and marrying outside the family or the religion, followers of Islam are still very staunch about it and do not easily agree to marriages outside the family. In the case of the men wanting to marry outside, the women who like to get married to Muslim men, need to get converted to Islam before the marriage.

The parents of the prospective bride and groom agree to get their children married and the consent of the bridegroom is taken. Though most families are taking the consent of the brides these days, this is not a mandatory requirement. As long as the parents of the bride are fine with the arrangement, the bride goes through the wedding ceremony. In case the bride is getting married for the first time, then the marriage can be forced on her either by her parents or by other elder members in the family. The bride’s consent becomes mandatory when the bridegroom gets married a second time.

The rules of the Islamic marriage in the eyes of some tend to promote polygamy, where one man can live with many wives. Though this was the condition earlier, now with more and more women getting educated and coming out to work the situations are changing, the women are also starting to ask for equal rights in relationship. Also, as per the laws of the Islam marriage, it is very easy for a man to divorce his wife by the talak system but very difficult for the woman to come out of the marriage. This is another feature which is changing, as the men find it easier to abandon their wives and sometimes even make them consent to their unreasonable demands.


Pre Wedding Rituals

The first wedding ritual is the Istikhara, wherein the religious head takes consent form Allah to perform the wedding. After it is done, the grrom's mather visits the bride's house with sweets and Imam-Zamin, a silver or gold coin wrapped in silken cloth. It is tied by her onto the upper portion of the girl's hand. This is called Imam-Zamin ceremony. The next is Magni, wherein the groom's family members visit the brie's house with sweets and fruits. This is reciprocated by the bride's family as well. Nowadays, the couple even exchanges rings.

After this the Manjha ceremony takes place, in which the bride is dressed in yellow clothes and turmeric paste is applied on her body. After this, the bride is not supposed to step out of the house. Mehndi Ceremony is the next ceremony, which is held just before the marriage. During this ceremony, the hands and feet of the bride are adorned with henna designs. Subsequently, the Sanchaq ritual takes place, wherein the groom's family sends clothes and jewelries for the bride, to be worn at Nikah and Chauthi.


 Wedding Rituals

On the main wedding day, the Baraat leaves for the bride's house. On the wedding venue, they are given a hearty welcome and the groom enjoys a glass of sherbet with his brother-in-law. Soon after this, the Nikah is commenced. There are two religious heads present at the place, representing the two parties. The amount of Mehar, a compulsory amount of money to be given to the bride by the groom's family is also decided. After this, the Maulavi asks the bride three times, whether she accepts the concerned person as her husband, with settled the amount of the Mehar.

After her consent, the groom is asked three times, whether he accepts the concerned woman as his wife, with the decided amount of Mehar. After his consent, the Nikahnama is signed by the couple. This is followed by the recital of Khutba, a religious discourse. Blessings are showered upon the bride and the groom for a prosperous married life. Following a lavish dinner, the couple is seated fact to face each other, with their heads covered by a dupatta. The Holy Quran and a mirror placed are placed between them, through which they are allowed to see each other for the first time. This is known as Aarsi Mushaf.


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Post Wedding Rituals

After the wedding rituals are over, the bride is bid farewell. This is called the Rukhsat ceremony. On reaching the groom's house, his mother holds the holy Quran over the bride's head as she enters the house. Next is the Valimah ceremony, which is a grand feast given by the groom's guardians. Subsequently, the Chauthi custom is observed, as per which the couple visits her parental home for the first time after marriage. They are given a lavish feast and presents by the bride's parents.


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