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Kashmiri Wedding

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Introduction of Kashmiri Wedding

The Kashmiri wedding starts with the matching of the horoscopes or the tennis of the prospective bride and groom. Apart from the horoscope, the older members of the family take into note that the two families are of the same socio-economic status and the other factors as the marriage is generally conducted between similar background families only. This will ensure that the youngsters can adapt the other family easily and become part of their family. The date of the marriage is decided by the parents of the bride as a custom. The same is communicated to the family of the boy and depending on their consent the marriage is conducted.

The marriage is preceded by the engagement called the Kasamdry, where the boy and the girl meet in a temple and exchange gold rings as a mark of the confirmation of the wedding confirmation. The Livun, which is the ceremony of cleaning the homes of both the boy and the girl, is also done and then, the process for the start of the cooking of the wedding meal is also initiated.

The Wanvun ceremony is also celebrated which is nothing but a musical evening where all relatives gather and sing songs and dance to the tunes that are being played. In a way, this is a joyous occasion where the two families mingle and understand each other and bless the couple with lot of prosperity and happiness.


Pre Wedding Rituals

The first ritual which takes place is Vanna or the engagement ceremony. The elders of both the families meet in a temple and exchange flowers to formalize the wedding alliance. Next is the Livun ritual, wherein the entire houses of both the bride and groom are cleaned. Just few days before the marriage, the Wanwun ritual is held, which is the musical session held at the house of the boy and the girl. This is followed by the Maanziraat ceremony, which begins with krool khanun.

It is the ritual in which the door of the houses of bride and groom are decorated. This is followed by the ceremonial bathing of the bride, in the beginning of which the maternal uncle of the bride washes her feet. Just two three days before wedding, the bride's family sends 51 thaals to the groom's house, which contains sweets, dru fruits, ghee, sugar and gota. Around two days before wedding, the groom's family sends flower jewelry and tinsel for the bride, which serves as her first adornment.

Just one day before marriage, Mehndi is applied to bride's hands and feet. On the wedding day morning, Diugun is performed, wherein the bride and the groom are applied a paste of curd, gram flour and saffron, followed by a bath. The bride's parents also give her dijaru, an ear ornament, which is the sign of a marriage. The next ritual is Sanzvaru, in which the groom's family sends cosmetics, mirror, sindoor and a betel leaf covered with gold or silver foil. After this the Duribat ritual takes place, in which the bride and the groom worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in their houses.


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Wedding Rituals

The wedding procession is welcomed at the venue, wherein the fathers of the couple exchange nutmeg as symbol of eternal friendship. The bride and the groom are fed nabad and a dwar puja is conducted before going to the mandap for wedding ceremony. It is quite similar to the Hindu wedding and consists of seven pheras in front of the sacred fire, amidst mantras. After this the couple feeds each other with rice and finally the Vidai ceremony takes place, as per which the bride leaves for her marital home with her husband.


Present Day Scenario and Innovations

Presently, Pheran as an outfit has been the symbol of couture in Kashmir. The elaborate Zari work detailing is what describes it the best. The neck pattern may also show mirror work, which is symbolic of present-day changes. Colors like blue, green, maroon and white are quite popular with contrasts in cream, yellow and pink.

Over the years, several innovations have been done and cotton has been employed in making Indian suits, which feature Churidars along with fitted tunics or Pherans. The detailing is till the waist while the rest of the tunic features base colors. Printed outfits are not in vogue in the Kashmiri region, especially at weddings, and people prefer to use Kashmiri Shawls with designer handcrafted embroidery. It is said that no two Kashmiri shawls, especially Pashmina Shawls are the same. Paisley Motifs have also gained popularity. Saris have become widely popular among Hindus.


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