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Islam

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Introduction of Islam

The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission."

Muslims strongly have faith in their religion which they consider, cannot be compared to any other religion and we are born and live in this world only to shower love and affection on God and is said to be an ancient belief that has come since long and is evident from various instances and explicitly shown to the world by Abraham, Moses or Jesus, all of whom are considered to be the spiritual leaders.  One could know that Arabic Qu’ran reveals the total principles and guidelines of God and it covers every aspect of one’s life and thus gives/narrates each and every item one has to follow during his life time may be it refers to Fights, Banking needs or one’s well being or to the nature.

Islam is a major world religion, with over 1 billion followers worldwide (1/5 of the world population). It is considered one of the Abrahamic, monotheistic faiths, along with Judaism and Christianity. Although usually associated with the Arabs of the Middle East, less than 10% of Muslims are in fact Arab. Muslims are found all over the world, of every nation, color, and race. The most populous Muslim country today is Indonesia, a non-Arab country.

 

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Allah

Allah is the proper name for Almighty God, and is often translated merely as "God." Allah has other names that are used to describe His characteristics: the Creator, the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Compassionate, etc. Arabic-speaking Christians also use the name "Allah" for Almighty God.

Muslims believe that since Allah alone is the Creator, it is He alone that deserves our devout love and worship. Islam holds to a strict monotheism. Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets, other human beings or nature is considered idolatry.

 

History

Muslims can be broadly divided in to two sects called Sunni who form about 80 to 90 per cent of Muslim population and the other one being Shiva who form about 10 to 20 percent.  We can way back to the living of Muslims in the entire part of the World, who is around 25% in the Asian Countries, which is considered to be the largest.  Around 13% of the Muslims live in Indonesia, 20% live in Middle East and 15% in African Countries.  Also, Europe, China, Russia and America have Muslim population which is a minority.  Islam is considered to be the second big religion in the world that form around 23% of the total world population and may number to around 1.6 billion all over.  Let apart, the religion is also growing very fast.

 

The holy book of Islam

The holy book of Islam is called the Quran. The Quran, which literally means the ‘oft-repeated,’ is, according to Muslim belief, the final revelation of God to humanity. It provides guidance in all areas of life. The recitation, study and memorization of Quran form a central facet of worship for Muslims. The Quran is also recited during every prayer. Although it is widely read in its original Arabic, various translations in numerous languages are also available.

 

Rites of Worship in Islam

Prayer

Islam enjoins Muslims to offer five prayers throughout the day at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and night. Prayer enables Muslims to physically and mentally take a break from their worldly activities to connect with God several times a day. The prayers consist of praising God while standing, bowing and prostrating, maintaining the practice of Muhammad, Jesus, Moses and all the other prophets, peace be upon them all. On Fridays, Muslims attend a special congregational noon prayer, complete with a brief sermon.

Mosques

The house of worship in Islam is called a mosque. Many Muslims congregate at mosques for prayer while others choose to pray at home, work or wherever they may be. While the primary use of a mosque is prayer, it also serves as a community center with people gathering to listen to lectures, attend study groups or enjoy communal dinners. Mosques are especially active on Fridays for the congregational noon prayer and during Ramadan for the nightly prayers.

Hajj

The pilgrimage to Mecca must be performed by every Muslim once in their life if they are physically and financially able. It symbolizes the unity of humankind as Muslims from every race; nationality and social status assemble together in equality to worship God, following the traditions of Abraham.

Holy Days

The two Eid festivals mark important holy days for Muslims. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated at the completion of Ramadan while Eid-al-Adha falls during the days of Hajj. Both occasions begin with a congregational prayer and a sermon; these are followed by festive meals, gift-giving and socializing.

 

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