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Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha

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Name- Homi Jehangir Bhabha

DOB- 30 October 1909 (Bombay)

Known as- Indian nuclear programme, Cascade process of cosmic radiations, point particles, Bhabha Scattering, Theoretical prediction of Muon

Father- Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha

Mother- Meheren

Death- 24 January 1966



About Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha-


Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 in Bombay. He was belong to a wealthy and prominent industrial Parsi family, through which he was related to Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, and Dorabji Tata. His father Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha was a well-known lawyer and his mother was Meheren. He received his early education at Bombay's Cathedral and John Connon School and entered Elphinstone College at age 15 after passing his Senior Cambridge Examination with Honors. Bhabha's father understood his son's predicament, and he agreed to finance his studies in mathematics provided that he obtain first class on his Mechanical Sciences Tripos exam. He took the Tripos exam in June 1930 and passed with first class. Afterwards, he excelled in his mathematical studies under Paul.  In 1937, Bhabha was awarded the Senior Studentship of the 1851 exhibition, which helped him continue his work at Cambridge until the outbreak of World War II in 1939.Dirac to complete the Mathematics Tripos. 


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 Bhabha was in India for a brief holiday when World War II started, and he decided not to return to England for the time being in September 1939. Bhabha accepted an offer to serve as the Reader in the Physics Department of the Indian Institute of Science, and then headed by renowned physicist C. V. Raman. Bahbha received a special research grant from the Sir Dorab Tata Trust, which he used to establish the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at the Institute. he played an instrumental role in the establishment of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay with the help of J. R. D. Tata.

In September 1939, starting his nuclear physics career in Great Britain, Bhabha had returned to India for his annual vacation before the start of World War II. During this time, Bhabha played a key role in convincing the Congress Party's senior leaders, most notably Jawaharlal Nehru who later served as India's first Prime Minister, to start the ambitious nuclear programme. As part of this vision, Bhabha established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at the Institute, began to work on the theory of point particles movement, while independently conducting research on nuclear weapons in 1944. Bhabha gained international prominence after deriving a correct expression for the probability of scattering positrons by electrons, a process now known as Bhabha scattering. His major contribution included his work on Compton scattering, R-process, and furthermore the advancement of nuclear physics. He was awarded Padma Bhushan by Government of India in 1954.  Bhabha died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc, while heading to Vienna, Austria to attend a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency's Scientific Advisory Committee in January 1966.


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For his work he received, Adams Prize (1942) and Padma Bhushan (1954) some other.


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