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Anna Hazare

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Name- Kisan Baburao Hazare

DOB- 15 June 1937 Bhingar, Bombay Province, British India

Known as- Social Worker

Father- Baburao Hazare

Mother- Laxmibai Hazare

 


 

Early Life and Education

Anna Hazare was born on 15 June 1937 as Kisan Baburao Hazare to Baburao Hazare, an unskilled laborer in Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy, in the village of Bhingar near Hinganghat city in Bombay Province, presently in Maharashtra. After his grandfather's death in 1945 who served in the Indian army, his father continued working in Bhingar till 1952, after which he resigned and returned to his ancestral home in Ralegan Siddhi. Due to financial hardships, Anna Hazare was looked after by his childless aunt who took him to Mumbai and funded his education. Here in Mumbai, he studied till class seven and took up employment to support his family. A job that started as selling flowers in Dadar culminated into owning a flower shop and calling upon two other brothers to Mumbai.

 

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Career

He joined the Indian Army in 1960. He was trained at Aurangabad and initially he worked as an army truck driver. He was posted at the border in the Khem Karan sector during the Indo-Pakistan War in 1965 where he miraculously survived an enemy attack. This incident shook him and for a time he even considered committing suicide. However, war time experiences in which he emerged to be the sole survivor made him think about the meaning of life. He began reading the works of great minds like Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave which made him realize that he should be doing something purposeful in his life. During his stint in the army he was posted at different places like Punjab, Sikkim, Bhutan, Mizoram, Maharashtra, and Jammu. He was honorably discharged from the army in 1975 after 15 years of service.

He returned to his native village of Ralegan Siddhi and was dismayed to find it plagued by the issues of abject poverty, water problems, alcoholism and hopelessness. He was determined to do something about it. He gathered some like-minded youths and organized a ‘Tarun Mandal’ or Youth Association to work towards rebuilding the village. Alcoholism was a major problem affecting the men and the Mandal helped to close down over thirty liquor breweries. Followed their success in controlling alcoholism, the youths also decided to ban the sale of other intoxicating and dangerous substances like tobacco and cigarettes, which are now no longer sold there. In a bid to increase literacy in the Ralegan Siddhi area he helped to start a pre-school in 1976. Encouraged by the response the Mandal went on to build a high school in 1979.

 

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The village was also short of food grains to feed its population and Hazare started a Grain bank in 1980 to solve this problem. The farmers with surplus grains would donate grains to the bank which the farmers in need would borrow. The borrowing farmers would return the grains along with an extra amount as interest when they could afford it. He advised the people on how to improve irrigation facilities in the village and encouraged them to grow pulses and oilseeds which had lower water requirements. He helped the farmers in not just his own village, but also in 70 other villages to improve their cropping patterns. Under Hazare’s moral leadership, the people of his village learned to shun traditional evil practices like untouchability and caste discrimination. In this village, the dalits or the so-called lower castes, form an integral part of the socio-economic life of the villagers.

He was distressed by the corruption in India and started a new venture called Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Aandolan (BVJA) in 1991 which was a public movement against corruption. In 2003, he went on an indefinite hunger strike at Azad Maidan in Mumbai to campaign for the Right to Information Act. After his numerous protests, the President finally signed the draft of the RTI Act which was implemented in 2005. Hazare traveled all over the country after the implementation, spreading awareness about the Act. He initiated a Satyagraha movement in 2011 to press the Indian government to pass the anti-corruption Lokpal Bill in the Indian Parliament. He went on hunger strikes and many Indians were motivated by his non-violent means of protests. He played a key role in persuading the Government of India to pass the The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013. He had been campaigning for years, often going on indefinite fasts in his bid to make the government take action towards creating a strong anti-corruption act.

 

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Personal life

Hazare is unmarried. He has lived in a small room attached to the Sant Yadavbaba temple in Ralegan Siddhi since 1975. He owns 0.07 hectares of family land in Ralegan Siddhi, which is being used by his brothers. He donated for village use two other pieces of land donated to him by the Indian Army and by a villager.

 

Awards        

1990- Padma Shri

1992- Padma Bhushan

 

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