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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

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Name- Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

DOB- October 15, 1931 (Rameswaram)

Known as- 11th President of India

Father- Jainulabiddin Marakayar

Mother- Ashiamma Jainulabiddin

Death- July 27, 2015 (Shillong)



About A.P.J. Abdul Kalam-

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He is much respected personality.  Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress were gave his support to A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Before being the President, he worked with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as an aerospace engineer. Kalam did not do marriage to anyone.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on Octember 15, 1931 in Rameswaram. He was belonged to a Tamil Muslim family. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s father was Jainulabiddin Marakayar. His wasther was a boat owner. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s mother was Ashiamma Jainulabiddin. He had four brothers and one sister and he was youngest from. Kalam completed his school education from Schwartz higher secondary school at Ramanathapuram. After schooling he studied his Bsc Degree education from Saint Joseph College in Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu). He graduated in 1954. After that he went to Madras to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology in 1955. In his childhood he wants to become a fighter pilot but he missed his chance very narrowly. Kalam was responsible for the development of India’s first satellite launch vehicle. Kalam was appointed as the chairman of Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment council (TIFAC). He guided a number of Technology projects and missions to take India into the 21st century.


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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam won the 2002 presidential election by Lakshmi Sahgal. Kalam filed his nomination papers in the Indian Parliament on 18 June, accompanied by Vajpayee and his senior Cabinet colleagues. For his wonderful work he was honoured with a Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. He was the third person who received the Bharat Ratna. Kalam was also the first scientist and the first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhawan. He was criticised for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him during his tenure. Kalam acted on only one mercy plea in his five-year tenure as president, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee, who was later hanged. In an interactive session in PGI Chandigarh in September 2003, he supported the need of Uniform Civil Code in India, keeping in view the population of the country. At the end of his term, on 20 June 2007, Kalam expressed his willingness to consider a second term in office provided there was certainty about his victory in the 2007 presidential election. Kalam decided not to contest the Presidential election again and he wants to avoid involving Rashtrapati Bhavan.

He was became a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, after leaving office;  the Indian Institute of Management Indore and the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad.

He was launched a programme for the youth of India called the What Can I Give Movement in May 2012. Kalam was travelled to Shillong to give a lecture. During the travelling he experienced some discomfort he ignore it. After 5 min of his lecture, he collapsed. That he hospitalised in a critical condition. About 7:45, Kalam was confirmed dead of a sudden cardiac arrest by doctors. He was known as "Missile man" and "people's president", 


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