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Sitar

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Introduction of Sitar

The renowned Indian classic music instrument sitar is a well-picked stringed device, which is mainly used, in Indian traditional music. It is considered to be resulting from the historical Native Indian device named Veena and customized by an important Mughal time judge artist to adjust with the preferences of his nearby customers and known as after a nearby device known as the setar, which means three strings. At that time, it experienced many changes, and the contemporary sitar progressed in the time of 1700s Indian. It originates its resonance from supportive post, a lengthy empty throat and a gourd resonating stage. It is used commonly throughout the Native Indian subcontinent.

 

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Etymology and history

The word 'sitar' originally derived from Sanskrit words saptatantri veena (Sanskrit: seven stringed veena), which later was called as saat taar ('saat' is number seven in Hindi numerical system and taar stands for 'metal chord') which eventually became sitar.

The instrument is thought to have been a version of the Veena, another prominent instrument in Carnatic and Hindustani music, altered in order to conform to Mughal tastes. The sitar flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries and arrived at its present form in 18th century India, gaining prominence in the royal court of the Mughal Empire based in Northern India.

In his Bharatiya Sangeet Vadya, Lalmani Misra traces the instrument's development from the Tritantri veena through the nibaddh and anibaddh Tamburas also called tanbur and later the jantra. Construction of the similar tanpura was described by Tansen.

 

Playing

The instrument is balanced between the players left foot and right knee. The hands move freely without having to carry any of the instrument's weight. The player plucks the string using a metallic pick or plectrum called a mizraab. The thumb stays anchored on the top of the fretboard just above the main gourd. Generally only the index and middle fingers are used for fingering although a few players occasionally use the third. A specialized technique called "meend" involves pulling the main melody string down over the bottom portion of the sitar's curved frets, with which the sitarist can achieve a seven semitone range of microtonal notes (however, because of the sitar's movable frets, sometimes a fret may be set to a microtone already, and no bending would be required). Adept players bring in charisma through use of special techniques like Kan, Krintan, Murki, Zamzama etc. They also use special Mizrab Bol-s, as in Misrabani and create Chhand-s even in odd-numbered Tal-s like Jhoomra.

 

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How to Play Sitar

 

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