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Telugu Language

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Introduction of Telugu Language

Telugu Language is the official language of Andhra Pradesh, a southern state of the Indian subcontinent. According to the historical records, the language was originated in the 1st century AD, or perhaps even before. Early inscriptions of the language date from around the 6th century, but a proper literary career starts five centuries later. The script, almost similar to that of Kannada, took shape in 1000AD from the Pahlava script of 7AD. The vocabulary of Telugu language is largely Indo-Aryan and has been influenced by Sanskrit, which is regarded as the mother of the Indian languages.

 

Dialects

Telagu dialects are Dasari, Gadwal (Rayalaseema mix), Dommara, Berad,  Golari, Salewari, Kamathi, Komtao, Warangal, Konda-Reddi, Toorpu Godavari, Telangana, , Mahaboobnagar (Palamuru), Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Narayanapeta (with an influence of Kannada and Marathi) Vadaga, Visakhapatnam, Kandula, Paschima (West). The most paradigm forms of languages in India are like Kannada, Oriya, Tamil, Bengali, Hindi, Gujarati and Marathi, Shudda Telugu is the name given to Standard Telugu which is often called or Accha Telugu. In Tamil Nadu the Telugu dialect is classified into Coimbatore, Tiruvannamalai Salem and Madras Telugu dialects.

 

Writing System

Though, it is usual to write and read consonants with an inferred 'a' vowel sound. When consonants unite with other vowel signs, the vowel part is indicated orthographically using signs known as vowel “maatras”. The script in Telugu is written from left direction or side to right and even inhabits simple and characters that are complex in a sequence. In nature, the script is syllabic. The basic units of writing are syllables. Since the numeral of probable syllables is very bulky, syllables are made up of basic units, like vowels and consonants. Consonants are supposed to be untainted consonants, without any vowel sound in them. Consonants in clusters of consonant take up a shape that is very distinct from the some other shapes. The vowel shapes are also dissimilar from the equivalent vowels shapes. Conventionally, in handwriting, the words in Telugu were not moved by places. Modern punctuation (semicolon, full stop, colons, etc.) were put forward with the coming on of print.

 

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Vocabulary

Since 1500 years Sanskrit influences Telugu of Andhra. However, evidences are there suggesting authority’s older origin. Later on Mahabharata was written in Telugu and therefore it dominates the language of royalty, Sanskrit. In Telangana region, the language of Telugu has a collection of borrowings from Persian Arabic language. Additionally Telugu absorb tatsamas from Sanskrit. Modern Telugu language consists of a diglossia since the formal and standardised version of language is greatly impacted by Sanskrit. However every day Telugu varies as it depends on societal status and region.

 

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