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Nepali Language

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Introduction of Nepali Language

Nepali language, originally, belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is one of 22 official languages of India, incorporated in the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India. The official language of Nepal, it is spoken in some north eastern parts of India. In India, the influence of Nepali language can be seen in the state of Sikkim as well as the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, where it has been declared the official language. It is also widely spoken in the state of Uttaranchal and Assam. Also known as Nepalese, Gorkhali and Gurkhali (which means the 'language of Nepali Gorkhas'), the language has a rich cultural history. The oldest term used to describe Nepali is "Khaskura", which came from the rice growing Indo-Aryan settlers, known as Khas.

 

History

Since 500 years ago, Khas from Karnali Bheri Seti basin migrated to eastwards and settle down in Gandakis lower Valley. He started doing rice cultivation. Later on 1559 AD a notable family settled in Gorkha which is situated between Kathmandu and Pokhara. Later on in 18th century Prithvi shah raised his army and conquered the foothills of Himalayas and so settled down there. From then onwards he started Gorkhali whihc came to be known as language of gorkhas. Also prithvi shah conquest Kathmandu valley which was known as the region of Nepal. This led Kathmandu as the foundation of new capital of Nepal. Later on diverging with political conflict, the gorkhali language came to be known as Nepali language. This language is extensively spoken all over the Nepal but mostly in west side of Kaligandiki River.

 

Dialects

This Indo Aryan Language is largely spoken by many people in the Indian state of Nepal. Standard Nepali dialects are fairly distinct from other dialects, as they may vary according to the caste like The Chetri (warrior) dialect, The Brahmin dialect (the priest or the highest), The Vaishya dialects (farmer or trader) and The Shudra dialect (Lowest or the untouchable). This state language of Sikkim and dominant idiom of southern side of Bhutan is majorly used by lingua franca of huge communities. Moreover it contains rich literature and has devanagri dialect to use it as a script.

 

Writing Style

Nepali language boasts of its own collection of great literature. During the later half of the 19th century, Sundarananda Bara wrote the Adhyatma Ramayana in Nepali. Bhanubhakta is famous for writing another version of Ramayana in the Nepali language. A short collection of folk stories, known as Birsikka, has also been compiled in the language. Some time back only, a new version of the Holy Bible was taken out in Nepali. Laureates like Poudyal, Devkota, and Sama have contributed greatly to Nepali literature. Nepali language is written in Devanagari script and can be easily understood by Hindi and Urdu speakers.

 

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