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Kannada Language

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Introduction of Kannada Language

Kannada is one of the most well known Dravidian languages of India. It is as old as Tamil, the truest language of the Dravidian family. It is spoken predominantly in the state of Karnataka in India. Though a significant number of Kannada speaking people can also be found in USA, UAE, Singapore, Australia and UK, all of which have migrated from India. On an average, there are about 35 million Kannadigas i.e. the Kanadda speaking people in the world, making it the27th most spoken language in the world. It is one of the official languages of India and the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka in the country.



The early development of the Kannada verbal communication was more like of other Dravidian languages predominantly like Malaya, Telugu which were free from of Sanskrit influences. Moreover it can be divided up into three periods which are Old Kannada i.e., 250-1200AD, Middle Kannada i.e., 1200-1700 AD, Modern Kannada 1700 Ad to the present. But later on advancements in little of grammar and written method has been adopted from Sanskrit verbal communication. One of the old Asoka rock found in early age of 230 BC, it also contains some traces of identifiable Kannada language.



As far as Kannada verbal communication is concerned there is a little difference between how this language is written and how it is spoken. . Moreover this verbal communication is based on the script of Brahmi. It changes from region to region as in, there are different forms in which this language is spoken but when it comes to writing this verbal communication is more or less the same with only minor changes in the writing format as compared to the oral form. There are approximately 20 dialects of Kannada all across and every dialect is more or less influenced by the regional and cultural backgrounds.


Writing Style and Grammar

The script of Kannada language is syllabic. The language uses forty nine phonemic letters which are segregated into three groups- Swaragalu, the vowels, the Vyanjanagalu , the consonants and Yogavaahakagalu ,the two characters which are not vowel or consonant. The Character set is very similar to that of other Indian languages. The script is fairly complex as like other complex scripts it has also been derived from Brahmi script. As far as Kannada Grammar is concerned, it is a highly inflected language with three genders- the masculine, feminine and the neutral, there are two numbers-singular and plural. Kannada is inflect for gender, number and tense, among other things.


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