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Bodo Language

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Introduction of Bodo Language

Bodo, pronounced as Bo-Ro, is one of the famous languages of Northeast India. It is the major language of the Bodo group and comes under the Assam-Burmese group of languages. It is said to have branched off from the Tibeto-Burman family of languages and is spoken by Bodo people of Nepal and Bangladesh, apart from North-eastern India. Infect, the Bodo language happens to be amongst the official languages of the Indian state of Assam and is one of the 22 languages recognized by the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution.



There are no records indicating the origin of bodo language. However, it is known to be a branch of the Sino-Tibetan family of language. A highpoint in the history of the Bodo language is the socio-political movement that was launched by local Boro organizations, from 1913 onwards. It was due to their relentless effort that this language was finally introduced as the medium of instruction in the primary schools in Bodo dominated areas, in 1963. In present times, the language serves as a medium of instruction in educational institutions, up to the secondary level. Recently, it has proudly been included as the part of a post graduate course in the University of Guwahati.



The dialects spoken in the Bodo language are:-

The Western Bodo Dialect (Swnabari)

The Eastern Bodo Dialect (Sanzari)

The Southern Bodo Dialect (Hazari)

The western Bodo dialect is spoken in the district of Bongaigaon and Kokrajhar. It has also gained the status of Standard dialect and has developed a written form as well.


Literature and Writing System

Bodo language represents a very rich literature and therefore consists of many famous books, novels and poetry. The last couple in decades especially proves the evolution of Bodo literature. As for writing style, Bodo language contains devanagri script. It also contains a long history on Roman script as well. Bodo language even inhabits a long history of using Assamese and Latin script. This language even shares some salient features with other languages which are similar in terms of morphology, phonology and vocabulary. Even this Bodo language is affected by many other communities especially from Kokrajhar and Bengali. In Udalguri district Bodo language is still heard in its pure form.


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