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Bengali Language

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Introduction of Bengali Language

Bengali Language or Bangla is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mostly in the East Indian subcontinent. It has evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit and Sanskrit languages and is the second most spoken language in India. Currently, the language belt of Bengali ranges from Bangladesh to the Indian state of West Bengal, Assam and Tripura. With about 230 million speakers spread all over the world, the Bangla Language is also one of the most spoken languages in the world.

 

History

This Bengali language started in Middle Indo Aryan dialects and is regarded as the earliest recorded spoken language. The evolution of Ardhamagadhi came into existence which further turned and form three groups which are Bihari Language, Assamese Bengali language and Oriya Language. This Bengali language constitutes three groups which are Old Bengali, Middle Bengali and New Bengali. All these groups include its own grammar, influence and scripts as well. Initially Bengali language has Sanskrit Influence and it contains many Sanskrit and Pali vocabularies. In 18th century there was as such no document to attempt the grammar of Bengali language. The first written Bengali document was written by a Portuguese. Afterwards modern Bengali came into existence and it was officially printed. Many changes occurred in writing down Bengali language officially. This language is spoken massively by East Bengal’s population and it is also considered as the sole national language of Pakistan Dominion.

 

Dialects

Bengali language constitutes a dialect continuum. These dialects include four large clusters and many alternative schemes are also proposed. The basis of standard Bengali forms its basis from south western dialect whereas Bangal is the dominant dialect group in Bangladesh. Rajbangsi, Mal Paharia and Kharia Thar all these are closely involved with Western Bengali dialects. Hajong is regarded as a separate language and it even shares some similarities of dialects of Northern Bengali. The Western Central dialect of Nadia is also based on Bangladesh and West Bengal. Also there are speakers of West Bengal which uses different word forms of Bengali spoken in Bangladesh.

 

Writing Style and Grammar

The Bengali writing system is not a purely an alphabetic script such as the Latin script rather it is a variant of the Eastern Nagari script used throughout Bangladesh and eastern India. It is said to be emerged from the modified Brahmic script around 1000 CE. It is similar to the Assamese script, the Oriya script and Mithilakshar. The Bengali Grammar is different from that of Hindi as the Bengali nouns are not assigned gender as well as the verbs does not change in accordance with the noun. There is also minimal changing of adjectives in the language.

 

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