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Shivaram Rajguru

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Shivaram Rajguru (1908-1931) was a great Indian freedom fighter. His full name was Hari Shivaram Rajguru and was born into a Deshastha Brahmin family. Shivaram Rajguru was a great Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary who sacrificed his life for the independence of his motherland, India. He played a pivotal role in the India's struggle for Independence. At the age of 23 years he became a martyr for his country. Since his childhood the thought of fighting against the atrocities of the British was instilled within him. He is mostly associated with the two great revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev.


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About Freedom Fighting:-

In the days of the Indian Freedom Movement, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) was an active force working against the British. Their main motive was to strike fear into the heart of the British regime. They simultaneously spread awareness amongst the people. They made them take notice of the growing domestic uprising when they dealt crucial blows with attacks like in the Lahore Conspiracy Case (December 18, 1928) and the bombing of the Central Assembly Hall in New Delhi (April 8, 1929).

The protest against the Simon Commission in October 1928 saw the British police lathi-charge the protestors, severely injuring veteran leader Lala Lajpat Rai. Owing to the excessive beating, Lala succumbed to his injuries, which thus instilled revenge in the hearts of the revolutionaries. On December 18, 1928, in Ferozepur, Lahore, a planned retaliation was enforced that led to the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J.P. Saunders. Shivaram Rajguru, along with Sukhdev Thapar, was accomplice of the legendary Bhagat Singh who spearheaded the attack. Rajguru then went into hiding in Nagpur. Whilst taking shelter in the house of an RSS worker, he even met Dr. K. B. Hedgewar. On his travel to Pune, however, Shivaram was finally arrested. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were then convicted of their crime and sentenced to death. However, he will always be remembered in the pages of Indian history for his valour and dedication of his life towards India's independence.



On March 23, 1931, the three brave revolutionaries were hanged, whilst their bodies were cremated on the banks of the River Sutlej. Shivaram Rajguru was only 23 years old when he became a martyr.


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