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Ram Manohar Lohia

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Birth and parents:-

Ram Manohar Lohia was born on March 23, 1910 in a village named Akbarpur in the District of Faizabad. Ram's father, Hira Lal, was a nationalist by spirit and a teacher by profession. His mother, Chanda, died when Ram was very young.

 

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Education:-

He did his intermediate from Banaras Hindu University. He did his BA from Calcutta University in 1929. Lohia then flew to Germany whereby he joined Berlin University and learnt German.

 

About freedom fighting:-

Ram was introduced to the Indian freedom struggle at an early age by his father through the various protest assemblies Hari Lal took his son to.  Rammanohar was highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi ideas which instigated the feeling of Swaraj (freedom) into him. 'Salt Satyagraha' was his subject in the PhD thesis paper. Though he had a good affinity with Jawaharlal Nehru but dissented with him on many political issues.

His first contribution as a nationalist leader was organizing a 'hartal' on Bal Gangadhar Tilak's death. In 1928, he joined protests against the Simon Commission.

In Europe he organized 'Association of European Indians' . Joined Indian National Congress and established Congress Socialist Party,1934. He was elected the Secretary of All India Congress Committee (1936). He was arrested on 7th June, 1940 and sentenced to two years imprisonment for writing an article 'Satyagraha Now' in Gandhiji's newspaper Harijan. He published and circulated posters and pamphlets on 'Do or Die' during the 'Quit India Movement', 1942. He alongwith Aruna Asaf Ali edited a Congress Party monthly newspaper called 'Inquilab'.

 

Post-independence period:-

Lohia took the leadership of building a dam on river Paniyari called 'Lohia Sagar Dam'. Founded 'Hind Kisan Panchayat' to provide solution to the farmers. Set up World Development Council and World Government to retain peace.

 

Death:-

This great leader died on 12th October, 1967. The Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia College of Law, Bangalore is named after him.

 

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