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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

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Birth and Parent:-

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca. He belonged to an orthodox Muslim scholar family. The original name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. His ancestors came to India from Afghanistan. His mother was an Arab and his father Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin.


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Initially Maulana Abul Kalam Azad received the traditional Islamic education at home. After that he was taught Arabic, Persian, philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra by some great teachers. He also acquired huge knowledge in English, history, politics and general science. After completing education, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started writing new articles reinterpreting and analyzing the Qur'an, the Hadith, and the rules of Fiqh and Kalam.


About Freedom Fighting:-

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad published many works criticising the British rule and advocating self-rule for India. His exhaustive book on India's freedom struggle titled 'India Wins Freedom' was published in 1957.

It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. He was one of the most important leaders behind the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931. He became the Congress president in 1940 and continued till 1945 and during that time, the Quit India rebellion also came up.

He served in the Constituent Assembly formed to draft India's constitution and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and in 1957. In 1956, he served as president of the UNESCO General Conference in Delhi.



Maulana Abul Kalam Azad died in August 1958. Azad was honored with the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1992.


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