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Lohri

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Introduction:

'Lohari' is a famous festival of Punjabi people. It is celebrated in north India especially in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu. It is celebrated on the 13th day of January, which comes according to Hindu calendar in Poush or Magh. Lohri festival marks the culmination of winter.

The main theme of Lohri is the belief that Lohri is the cultural celebration of the winter solstice. The prasad of lohri comprises of six main things: til, gazak, gur, moongphali, phuliya and popcorn. The gatherings and celebrations make Lohri a community festival.

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How Is Lohri Celebrated?

People do fly kites on this day Kite flying is enjoyed by all ages, men and women wear traditional clothes and dance around sugarcane. They sing songs and mantras to please God.

People of India celebrate Lohri with many other festivals such as happiness and happiness. This is one of those festivals that provide an opportunity to gather family and friends together and spend some quality time. On the day of Lohri people go to their friends and family and distribute sweets.

This festival is particularly significant for farmers as it is considered to be a harvest season. People celebrate the festival by lighting up bonfire and dancing and singing around the bonfires. While singing and dancing around the fire, people throw popcorns, gur, rewaries, sugar-candies and sesame seeds put in fire.

On this day, in evening a pooja ceremony is held in every household. This is the time when people get blessing from the almighty by doing parikrama and offering Puja. According to the customs and rituals people on this day eat foods like makki Ki roti with Sarso ka Saag, gur, gazak, til, moongphali, and Prasad. In addition to that people also wear new clothes on this day and perform Bhangra which is a folk dance of Punjab. For farmers, this day marks the beginning of a new financial year. For newlywed couples and new born babies this festival also holds great importance.

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Significance of Lohri Festival Celebration:

Lohri does not have any virtuous significance for Sikhs. Lohri is celebrated by Sikhs majorly because of its strong links to Punjabi Culture. The main crop of the winter called wheat is sown in the October however harvested in the end March or start of April. Before cutting, collecting and bringing crop to home, farmers celebrate this Lohri festival and enjoy.

The concept of Lohri goes contrary to the teaching of Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Everyone celebrate this festival to get fertility and flourishing for whole life.

Some believe that Lohri has derived its name from Loi, the wife of Sant Kabir, for in rural Punjab Lohri is pronounced as Lohi.  Others believe that Lohri comes from the word 'loh', a thick iron sheet tawa used for baking chapattis for community feasts.

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