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Karwa chauth

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It is heartening to know that Hindus have always believed in worshiping the Male and Female aspect of God together and that Sri Ram was a austere devoted husband. Not only that, one says Seeta Ram and Radha Krishna and as one can see the female name gets precedence.

Karwa Chauth is basically a day long fast observed by married women for the welfare and longevity of their husbands. It is celebrated with fervour and is quite  plausible among the married lady. The festival falls on the 4th day of Krishna Paksha in the month of Kartik, according to Hindu calendar. It generally arrives in October/November month as per the hibernal calendar. The fast is observed mainly in states of Northern India like Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan etc.

Karwa Chauth got its name from two words 'Karwa' and 'Chauth' in which former means earthen oil lamp and later means four. Karwa Chauth is a ritual signifying the relationship between bride and a lady in her- in laws. After marriage, bride looks for a lady friend in her in laws house to share her emotions and problems. Generally their friendship is expostulating in the marriage ceremony and later they are considered as sisters. During early days, in North West region of India, when it generally used to be a dry season; husbands go to long journeys in search of work and food and wife used fast for whole day and pray for their  goodness. From then it became a ritual.

Once there was a Queen Veervati, one sister for seven brothers. Queen Veervati spent her first Karva Chauth as a married lady at her parents' house. She began fast after sunrise and despondently need water before moonrise. By seeing this, her brothers made a mirror of moon with help of mirror. As soon as she drank water, her husband died. She was heartbroken and cried until she got shatki. When she repeated the fast, her husband came to life.

Karwa Chauth is celebrated on the fourth day of Kartik month in Hindu calendar. It is mainly celebrated by the women of north India and north western India.


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How celebrate is Karwa Chauth

On Karwa Chauth day lady go for fast from sunrise to moonrise for the welfare of their husbands. Punjabi women wake up early and eat before the sun rise. Generally they eat sargi which comprise fenia. Uttar Pradesh lady eat fenia with milk and sugar on festival evening day. This will help them to stay without water in the next day. Lady apply henna and cosmetics on that day and don’t do any household work. In some places it is customary to exchange clay pots with gifts. Parents send gifts to their married daughters and their children. In the evening, lady -only ceremony is held. An elderly women or a presbyter explains the stories of Karwa Chauth.


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