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Wastage of Resources

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What is Wastage of Resources?

We have been exploiting coal, petroleum for our needs by digging the earth crest for decades. Most of the extraction of petroleum is done in the name of storage for future needs. In future, if technology reverts to hydrogen fuels this petroleum stored might go waste. Also instead of natural methods, we use coal for power generation. This coal once dug leaves cavities in the earth surface. These cavities can be troublesome in times of floods and also cause of earthquakes. Also, we have been wasting many resources including soils, water.


Causes of Wastage of Resources:-

Overpopulation and Over-exploitation of Resources:- As the human population keeps on enlarging, there is a lot of pressure on the utilization of natural resources. This often causes over-exploitation of the natural resources, and contributes to environmental erosion. Overpopulation simply means more pollution and fast extraction of natural resources compared to how they are being replaced.

Ruinous Agricultural Practices:- Intensive agricultural practices have led to the decline in quality of most of our natural environments. Majority of farmers resort to converting forests and grasslands to croplands which reduce the quality of natural forests and vegetation cover. The pressure to convert lands into resource areas for producing priced foods, crops, and livestock rearing has increasingly led to the depreciation of natural environments such as forests, wildlife and fertile lands.

Landfills:- One of the calamitous effects of landfills is the destruction of nearby environmental health together with its ecosystems. The landfills discharge various kinds of chemicals on the land adjacent to forest, various natural habitats, and water systems such as underground and surface water which makes the environment unappealing to the survival of trees, vegetation’s, animal and humans.

Increase in Deforestation:- The act of deforestation (cutting down of trees) has impacted on the world in terms of depreciating the natural environment and wildlife. It has also impacted on humans on the account of changes in environmental support processes such as weather conditions. Some of the reasons for deforestation include farming, construction, settlement, mining, or other economic purposes.

Environmental Pollution:- Most of the planet’s natural environments have been destroyed and a large portion is under huge threat due to the toxic substances and chemicals emitted from fossil fuel combustions, industrial wastes, and homemade utilities among other industry processed materials such as plastics. Land, air, and water pollution pose long-term cumulative impacts on the quality of the natural environments in which they occur.


Effects of Wastage of Resources:-

Atmospheric Changes:- Environmental degradation can alters some of the natural process such as the water cycle and the normal processes of animal and plant activities. Also, environmental degradation aspects such as deforestation and mining destroy the natural land cover. This, together with air, water, and land pollution pose several atmospheric alteration threats. The alterations include global warming and climate change which can increase the risks of climatic natural disasters, and ozone layer depletion which increases the risk of skin cancer, eye disease, and crop failure.

Impact on Human Health:- Human health is heavily impacted by environmental degradation. Reduction in water quality is responsible for more than two million deaths and billions of illness annually across the globe. Due to environmental degradation, the results include water scarcity and decline in quality foods. Reduction in air quality is responsible for more than 300,000 deaths annually and millions of chronic diseases.

Loss of Biodiversity:- Degradation of the environment has recorded a continued destruction of wild forests and the damage of natural ecosystems that has greatly contributed to the mass extinction of species. The number of threatened species persists to multiply worldwide whereas some have completely gone extinct. This is because of the human activities such as acidifying water systems, over-exploitation of natural resources, overpopulation, and the deliberate and indirect destruction of natural systems necessary for the survival of different species.

Scarcity of Natural Resources:- Environmental degradation through aspects such as over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution, and deforestation can contributes to the scarcity of resources particularly arable land, water, genetic resources, medicinal plants, and food crops.


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Solutions of Wastage of Resources:-

Forests and Wood:- Reducing the use of forests can go a long way in mitigating problems associated with climate change and ecosystem destruction. One of the most important functions of forests is to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen and retain carbon in their wood, thus reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. Forests serve numerous other functions, however, including preventing flooding and conserving topsoil and water. Because these functions are all so critical, preserving forests is crucial. The world should strive to use less paper and wood, and eat less beef to reduce timber use and conversion of forestland to agricultural use.

Cleaner Water:- The overuse of water resources is also challenging the world's climate and ecosystems. While 70 percent of the earth's area is covered in water, only 3 percent of that water is made up of fresh water, and only 1 percent is drinkable. This means that drinking water is a finite resource, and conserving it is critical to maintaining life on earth. One of the easiest ways to reduce overuse of this resource is to purchase more water-efficient appliances, such as washing machines and toilets that use less water. Governments can also encourage these policies, as well as help build infrastructure for wastewater treatment.

Fossil Fuels:- Demand for fossil fuels like oil, natural gas and coal is constantly on the rise, which puts pressure on natural resources. By 2030, global demand for these types of energy is expected to increase by 60 percent. Reducing this number, however, is increasingly possible with new policies and consumer practices. One big step is for governments and corporations to increase their use and support of renewable sources, such as solar collectors and hydro power. While we may never completely not use fossil fuels, governments can require more fuel efficient cars.

Animals and Biological Systems:- Animals are used by humans for food, for laboratory tests, for fur and leather, and even for entertainment. Issues like overfishing, however, endanger ecosystems and deplete fish and animal resources to the point where humans could become food insecure. For example, tuna, despite being a prized food around the world, has decreased in population to the point where the Atlantic Bluefin tuna faces extinction. Better regulation of fisheries and reduced waste could go a long way in saving animal species like the tuna and others. It is estimated, for example, that between 8 and 25 percent of the Bluefin tuna catch is discarded or wasted each year.


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