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Urban Sprawl


What is Urban Sprawl?


Not only India and China are classic examples of over population and urban sprawl leading to land degradation. Today almost all countries are using the land irresponsibly to meet the ever-growing demand of the greedy human wishes. The expansion of industrial areas has not only led to land degradation and soil pollution, but the habitat destruction is a terrible misery. Natural environment consisting of flora and fauna is indiscriminately destructed and lost completely instead of being replaced. This in the long run has harmful impact for human survival and cause serious environmental issue.


Causes of Urban Sprawl-


Lower Land Rates:- Lower cost land and houses in the outer suburbs of the cities, because the centres of urban development have really made people want to stop settling in these areas and want to venture further out.

Improved Infrastructure:- There is increased spending on certain types of infrastructures, including roads and electricity.  This is something that hasn’t always been available, and there are still some areas that don’t have these luxuries.  That doesn’t mean that they aren’t working on it.

Lack of Urban Planning:- People love to find areas that are less trafficked and more calm, which leads them to sprawl out to other sections of the town. Unprecedented development, cutting of trees, loss of green cover, long traffic jams, poor infrastructure force people to move out to new areas.

Rise in Standard of Living:- There are also increases in standards of living and average family incomes, which means that people have the ability to pay more to travel and commute longer distances to work and back home.

Lower House Tax Rates:- Cities will usually have high property taxes, and you can usually avoid these taxes by living in the outer suburbs because the taxes are usually lower than they would be in other situations.

Consumer Preferences:- People in high income groups have stronger preferences towards larger homes, more bedrooms, bigger balconies and bigger lawns. This also causes urban sprawl as this option is not available in crowded cities. People generally look out for low-density residential areas where they can get home according to their preference.


Effects of Urban Sprawl:-


Increase in Public Expenditure:- They can actually play a part in the increases of public costs, because these changes in infrastructures and building must actually be paid for by someone- and it is usually the tax payers money that pays for it.

Health Issues:- When people use their vehicles, even to go to a very short distance, people are going to be more overweight and are also going to have to deal with ailments such as high blood pressure and other diseases that come about with obesity.

Environmental Issues:- Sprawls can also cause certain environmental issues that you may want to be aware of.  In fact, when you think about going out to develop these lands you will have to worry about the wildlife that lives in these lands.  You will be displacing them, and it can really cause a ripple in the environment.

Increased Traffic:- Populations will begin to use their cars more often, which means that there is more traffic on the roads, and there is also more air pollution and more auto accidents that you have to worry with.

Impact on Social Lives:- When people move further out, they also have an impact on their social lives.  They don’t have neighbours that live as close, which means that they won’t really stay as social as they should.  This isn’t always the case, but it is something that should be taken note of.


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