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Victoria Memorial (kolkata)

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Victoria Memorial is the one of India’s most beautiful monuments. This palace is made my marble in Kolkata mid of 1906-1921. It is dedicated to the Queen Victoria. Now this memorial is a tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture.

Queen Victoria was died in January 1901. Than George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston and Viceroy of India was suggested to creation of a fitting memorial. Then this palace is stsrted on 4 January 1906 and it’s completed in 1921 and it opened for public. This is the building of white marble.

 For Victoria Memorial’s construction every king of India gave money for built it. British Raj and the British government in London are also gave money for it. Its total cost is one crore, five lakhs of rupees, was entirely derived from their voluntary subscriptions.

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The Victoria Memorial's architect was William Emerson. He is the president of the Royal Institute of British Architects. The design is in the Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. This style uses a mixture of British and Mughal elements as well as Venetian, Egyptian, Deccani and Islamic architectural influences. The building is 338 feet (103 m) by 228 feet (69 m) and rises to a height of 184 feet (56 m). It is constructed of white Makrana marble. The gardens of the Victoria Memorial were designed by Lord Redesdale and David Prain. Emerson's assistant, Vincent J. Esch designed the bridge of the north aspect and the garden gates.

Outside the Victoria Memorial have gardens cover an area of 64 acres (260,000 m2). This garden is take care by 21 gardeners.

The Victoria Memorial is a landmark in the history of Indian architecture and the credit for that justly goes to Lord Curzon who chose persons like Sir William Emerson, President of the British Institute of Architects, to design and plan the building and entrust the construction work to the very famous Messrs’ Martin & Co. of Calcutta.

This is the beautiful and awesome monument for visitors.

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