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Electric Stove

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What is Electric Stove?

An electric stove or electric range is a stove with an integrated electrical heating device to cook and bake. Electric stoves became popular as replacements for solid-fuel stoves which required more labour to operate and maintain. Some modern stoves come in a unit with built-in extractor hoods.

Electric stove "burners" may be controlled by a rotary switch with a finite number of positions, each of which engages a different combination of resistances and hence a different heating power, or may have an "infinite switch" called a simmer stat. Some may have a thermostat.


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History of Electric Stove:-

On September 20, 1859, George B. Simpson was awarded for an 'electro-heater' surface heated by a platinum-wire coil powered by batteries. In his words, useful to "warm rooms, boil water, cook victuals.

Canadian inventor Thomas Ahearn filed patent number no. 39916 in 1892 for an "Electric Oven," a device he probably employed in preparing a meal for an Ottawa hotel that year. Ahearn and Warren Y. Super were owners of Ottawa's Chaudire Electric Light and Power Company. The electric stove was showcased at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893, where an electrified model kitchen was shown. Unlike the gas stove, the electrical stove was slow to catch on, partly due to the unfamiliar technology, and the need for cities and towns to be electrified. By the 1930s, the technology had matured and the electrical stove slowly began to replace the gas stove, especially in household kitchens.

In 1897, William Hardaway was granted for an "Automatically Controlled Electric Oven".

Early electric stoves were unsatisfactory due to the cost of electricity (compared with wood, coal, or city gas), limited power available from the electrical supply company, poor temperature regulation, and short life of heating elements. The invention of nichrome alloy for resistance wires improved the cost and durability of heating elements. In the United States, even though three companies had introduced electric stoves in 1908, penetration was rare; an electric stove was still considered a novelty in the 1920s. By the 1930s, decreased cost of electric power and modernized styling of electric stoves had greatly increased their acceptance.

Electric stoves and other household appliances were marketed by electrical utilities to build demand for electric power. During the expansion of rural electrification, demonstrations of cooking on an electric stove were popular.


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The basic of how work Electric Stove:-

Simply put, an electric stove is power-driven by electrical connections. The burners on top of the stove receive heat by means of the electric power supply being connected to their heating elements. When you switch on the stove to heat or cook something, the electricity begins to flow through this linkage, ultimately resulting in the burners heating up. All the wiring is usually at the back of the stove in the case of electric stoves.

The burners of the stove are set according to the temperature you need by means of rotating dials. Inside the stove you will have the baking trays where the food to be roasted and baked is placed for more centralized heat. The lower part is for baking, while the upper part is for broiling. To control the stove temperature you can make use of an installed thermostat which is a rotating mechanism displaying temperature numbers all around its circumference. Each number indicates a different heating level required for particular dishes you are going to cook. The temperature is regulated from time to time by means of a gauge.


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