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Wikipedia

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Type of site: Internet encyclopedia

Available in: 295 languages

Owner: Wikimedia Foundation

Created by: Jimmy Wales, Larry Sanger

Launched: January 15, 2001; 16 years ago

Website: wikipedia.org

About In Wikipedia

Wikipedia was launched on January 15, 2001, by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Sanger coined its name, a portmanteau of wiki and encyclopedia. There was only the English language adaptation initially, but it quickly developed similar versions in other languages, which differ in content and in editing practices. With 5,330,328 articles, the English Wikipedia is the largest of the more than 290 Wikipedia encyclopedias. Overall, Wikipedia consists of more than 40 million articles in more than 250 different languages and, as of February 2014, it had 18 billion page views and nearly 500 million unique unrepeatable each month.

 

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History of Wikipedia

Wikipedia began as a complementary project for Nupedia, a free online English-language encyclopedia project whose articles were written by experts and reviewed under a formal process. Nupedia was founded on March 9, 2000, under the mastership of Bomis, a web portal company. Its main figures were Jimmy Wales, the CEO of Bomis, and Larry Sanger, editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia. Nupedia was licensed initially under its own Nupedia Open Content License, switching to the GNU Free Documentation License before Wikipedia's founding at the urging of Richard Stallman. Sanger and Wales founded Wikipedia. While Wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publicly editable encyclopedia,[ Sanger is credited with the strategics of using a wiki to reach that goal.On January 10, 2001, Sanger proposed on the Nupedia mailing list to create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia.

Launch and growth

Wikipedia was launched on January 15, 2001, as a single English-language edition at www.wikipedia.com,and pronounce by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list. Wikipedia's  morality of "neutral point-of-view"was codified in its first months. Otherwise, there were relatively few rules initially and Wikipedia operated independently of Nupedia.Originally, Bomis intended to make Wikipedia a business for profit.

though the English Wikipedia reached three million articles in August 2009, the flourish of the impression, in terms of the numbers of articles and of contributors, appears to have sharp around early 2007. Around 1,800 articles were added daily to the encyclopedia in 2006; by 2013 that average was roughly 800. A team at the Palo Alto Research Center attributed this slowing of growth to the plan increasing exclusivity and resistance to change.Others suggest that the growth is flattening materially because articles that could be called "low-hanging fruit"—topics that clearly talent an article—have already been created and built up extensively

Cultural significance in Wikipedia

Wikipedia's content has also been used in academic studies, books,  gathering, and court cases.The Parliament of Canada's website refers to Wikipedia's article on same-sex marriage in the "related links" section of its "further reading" list for the Civil Marriage Act.The encyclopedia's assertions are  completely used as a source by organizations such as the US federal courts and the World Intellectual Property Organization– however mainly for supporting information rather than information Definitive to a case.Content appearing on Wikipedia has also been cited as a source and referenced in some US intelligence agency reports. In December 2008, the scientific journal RNA Biology launched a new section for descriptions of families of RNA molecules and requires authors who contribute to the section to also submit a draft article on the RNA family for publication in Wikipedia.

Features of Wikipedia:

How to Get Started with Wikipedia Beta: To use Wikipedia's beta features, start by setting up an account with Wikipedia. You'll need to be logged in for the features to work (obviously). You can set up a new account here. Once you've made an account and logged in, head to the beta features page here. There are a list of features you can viable (anyone who's ever used Google Labs will certainly feel at home), but we'll go over some of the best ones.

Get Better Search Results with New Search: Wikipedia hasn't always had the best track record with search results. In fact, most of us would obviously prefer to use Google. The company is clearly aware as the New Search plan aims to fix the problem. Sometimes it's just easier to click on the search box in Wikipedia itself if you're already there. If that's the case for you, enabling this beta feature should hopefully give you superior results without in effect altering the interface itself.

Boost Your Editing Powers:  edition Wikipedia may not be for everyone, but if you contribute, you can probably belaud some tweaks to the interface. The Visual Editor adds something that Wikipedia has sorely needed: a WYSIWIG editor. Now, you can type and see how the page will look immediately. There are also adscititious plugins for the video editor that you can add to make managing languages or formulas easier.

 

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