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Scooter

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What is Scooter?

A scooter or motor scooter is a motorcycle with step-through frame and a platform for the rider's feet. Elements of scooter design have been present in some of the earliest motorcycles, and motorcycles identifiable as scooters have been made from 1914 or earlier. Scooter development continued in Europe and the United States between the World Wars.

The global popularity of scooters dates from the post-World War II introductions of the Vespa and the Lambrate. These scooters were intended to provide low-power personal transportation. The original layout is still widely used in this application. Maxi-scooters, with engines from 250 to 850 cc have been developed for Western markets.

Scooters are popular for personal transport, partly due to being cheap to buy, easy to operate and convenient to park and store. Licensing requirements for scooters are easier and cheaper than for cars in most parts of the world, and insurance is usually cheaper.

 

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History of Scooter:-

Predecessors to the scooter:-Scooter-like traits began to develop in motorcycle designs around the 1900s. In 1894, Hildebrand & Wolf Muller produced the first motorcycle that was available for purchase. Maximum speed was 40 km/h (25 mph). The rear wheel was driven directly by rods from the pistons in a manner similar to the drive wheels of steam locomotives.

In France, the Auto-Fauteuil was introduced in 1902. This was basically a step-through motorcycle with an armchair instead of a traditional saddle. Production continued until 1922.

First generation (1915–1930):-The Motored entered production in 1915, and is believed to be the first motor scooter. Autopens were made in Long Island, New York from 1915 to 1921, and were also made under licence by Krupp in Germany from 1919 to 1922.

The number of scooter manufacturers and designs increased after World War I. The Skootamota, the Kenilworth, and the Reynolds Runabout debuted in 1919, with Gloucestershire Aircraft Company following with its Omnibus in 1920. The Skootamota was noted for being practical, popular, and economical. The first generation had ended by the mid-1920s.

Second generation (1936–1968):-E. Foster Salisbury and Austin Elmore developed the Salisbury Motor Glide, a scooter with a seat above an enclosed drivetrain, and began production in 1936 in California. In 1938, Salisbury introduced a more powerful scooter with a continuously variable transmission (CVT). This was the first use of a CVT on a scooter.

The Cushman Company produced motor scooters from 1936 to 1965.

Salisbury continued manufacturing scooters until 1948, while Cushman continued until 1965.

Small numbers of the 165 cc Harley-Davidson Topper scooter was produced from 1960 to 1965 using the engine from their line of light motorcycles based on the DKW RT 125.

Third generation (1946–1964) and beyond:-

Italy - Vespa and Lambrate:-In post-World War II Italy the Piaggi Vespa became the standard for scooters, and has remained so for over 60 years. Patented in April 1946, it used aircraft design and materials. D'Ascanio's 98 cc (6.0 cu in) scooter had various new design concepts.

Germany:-Messerschmitt took over the German licence to manufacture Vespa scooters from Hoffman in 1954 and built Vespa’s under from 1954 to 1964. Henkel designed and built its own scooters. The Henkel Tourist was a large and relatively heavy touring scooter produced in the 1960s.

United Kingdom:-In the United Kingdom, Douglas manufactured the Vespa under licence from 1951 to 1961 and assembled them from 1961 to 1965. BSA and Triumph made several models of scooter including the BSA Dandy 70, the Triumph Tina, and the Triumph Tigress. The Tigress was made from 1959 to 1964 and was sold with a 175 cc 2-stroke single engine or a 250 cc 4-stroke twin; both versions used a foot-operated four-speed gearbox. The 250 twin had a top speed of 70 mph (110 km/h).

India:-In India, Bajaj Auto manufactured its line of scooters from 1972 to 2009, which included the Chetak, Legend, Super and Praia. The Chetak and Legend were based on the Italian Vespa Sprint. It was discontinued in 2009. Another Vespa partner in India was LML Motors. Beginning as a joint-venture with Piaggi in 1983, LML, in addition to being a large parts supplier for Piaggi, produced the P-Series scooters for the Indian market. In 1999, after protracted dispute with Piaggi, LML bought back Piaggi’s stake in the company and the partnership ceased.

Later Japanese scooters and "maxi-scooters":-In the 1980s new versions of scooters began to be released and become popular. In 1986, Honda introduced a large, touring scooter design, the 250 cc (15 cu in) Helix (also called Spain, Fusion or CN250).

 

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