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About Earth

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1. Earth gets its name from the 8th century Anglo Saxon word “erda” meaning soil.

2. The distance between the Earth and the sun is one hundred and fifty million kilometres.

3. The Earth’s atmosphere is composed of nitrogen (77%), oxygen (21%) and other gases like carbon dioxide and argon.

4. The Earth is the only planet on the solar system to have the three forms of water- liquid, gas and solid.

5. About 270 million years ago, a continent called Pangaea was formed on Earth. Today we have 7 continents.

6. Sun light takes 8 ½ minutes to reach Earth.

7. The sun is 333,000 times larger than Earth.

8. A day on Earth is 23 hours, 56 minutes and four seconds.

9. The Earth’s only moon is called Luna or Selene or Artemis. It is the brightest object in the sky after the sun.

10. The Earth’s oceans’ salts could cover the Earth’s surface five hundred times.

 

                                                                              school-chalao-earth moon image1

 

11. The Nile is the longest river on Earth, extending over 6825 kilometers.

12. The largest coldest desert is Antarctica.

13. The highest mountain on the Earth’s surface is Mount Everest on the Himalayas, with a height of 29,029 feet.

14. Planet Earth is not totally round. It is flattened at the North and South poles.

15. The largest sea is the Caspian Sea which covers about 44% of the seas and lakes on Earth.

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