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Home > Learning Point > General knowledge > Rajasthan State > Industrial And Other Non-Metallic Minerals

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Industrial and Other Non-Metallic Minerals

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Industrial minerals may be defined as minerals mined and processed (either from natural sources or synthetically processed) for the value of their non-metallurgical properties, which provides for their use in an extremely wide range of industrial and domestic applications.  As a general rule, they can also be defined as being non-metallic, non-fuel minerals.

Non-metallic mineral reserves consist of stone quarries and clay and sand pits; chemical and fertilizer mineral deposits; salt deposits; deposits of quartz, gypsum, natural gem stones, asphalt and bitumen, peat and other non-metallic minerals other than coal and petroleum.

 

Barytes

So far, 2.99 million tones reserves have been assessed in the State. Important deposits of Barytes occur in districts of Alwar and Udaipur. In Alwar it occurs in the area of Sainpuri, Zahir ka Kera, Ramsinghpura, Bhankhera, Karoli, Jamroli, Umrain, Girara, Dholera and one reserve of 75,000 tonnes contains 95% BaSO4 .

In Udaipur district it is found near village Relpatliya where about 1 million tones reserves contain 80-95% BaSO4. In Rajsamand district Barytes occurs in Delwara-Kesuli-Nathdwara belt, about 41,000 tonnes containing 60-95% BaSO4. Similarly Bhilwara district has a reserve of 1,600 tonnes contains 80-90% BaSO4.

 

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Calcite

A total of 12.02 million tones of Calcite resources have been estimated in the State. They are in Belkapahar, Khila in Sirohi district, and Khera Tarla, Dhinkali  Gayphal and Rabach in Udaipur District, Teja ka Was, Daulatgarh, Amalda, Gharta and Jetpura in Bhilwara district.

 

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Clay

Ball Clay, Fire Clay and China Clay have their known reserves in the State of the order of 31.8 million tones, 66.42 million tones and 432.51 million tones respectively. The important locations of clay deposits are: Bikaner district (Nal, Kolayat, Kotri, Barsinghsar, Motawta, Indo ka Bala, Maukha, Mudh, Gura, Chani, etc.), Pali district (Lithriya, Khardiya, etc.), Jaisalmer district (Devikot, Mandai, Narai, etc.), Nagaur district (Mundwa, Khajwana, Rol, Indawar, Luniyas, Badgaon, Basni, etc.), Barmer district (Gunja, Kapurdi, Jalipa, etc.), Bhilwara district (Mangrup, Kotri, Jahajpur, etc.), Chittorgarh district (Eral, Sawa, Kanthariya, Banesti, Sahahva, etc.), Jaipur district (Torda, Buchara, Fatehpur, etc.), Bundi district (Devakhera), Karauli district (Sapotra, Toda Bheem), Sawai Madhopur district (Basu, Raesena, etc.), Sikar district (Mahawa, Maonda, etc.), Ajmer district (Maliya, Lughiya, etc.), and Jodhpur district (Jewasiya, Ramasani-Rampura, Kheradiya, etc.).

 

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Dolomite

A total of 460.17 million tones resources of Dolomite are estimated in the State. The important Dolomite deposits are at Bajla-Kabra (Ajmer), Mandal, Koshithal (Bhilwara), Chittoriya-Gorela-Chanda Kheri (Chittorgarh), Kotputli, Manwa Ramgarh, Bhaislana (Jaipur), Chacha, Odania (Jaisalmer), Indo-ki-dhani, Indolai-ka-talab, Rathoro-ka-dhora (Jodhpur), Kalora (Udaipur), Seemal, Haldi Ghati, Achhibaori, Odan-lal-madri, Ghodach, Nerach Karoli-Kasoli (Rajsamand).


 

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Limestone

The State is endowed with vast reserves of Limestone of the order of 21,660 million tones of all graces SMS grade Limestone, mainly confined to SamKhuiyala sanu-Khiniya-khinsar-rata-mandha Limestone belt of Jaisalmer district.  Cement grade Limestone is found in 25 districts out of 33 districts of the State.

The important districts well known for cement grade Limestone are Chittorgarh, Nagaur, Jaisalmer, Pali, Jhunjhunu, Sirohi, Ajmer, Banswara and Udaipur. At present 21 major cement plants and 2 medium sized cement plants exist in the State with annual installed capacity of 55 million tones. There is scope of establishing more than 40 major cement plants in the district of Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh, Nagaur and Jhunjhunu. The State ranks first in the production of cement in the country.

 

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