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Economy of Rajasthan

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Rajasthan’s economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are cultivated over large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are the state’s crash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in india and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool producing state in india and the main opium producer and consumer. There are mainly two crop season. The water for irrigation comes from wells and tanks. The Indra Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern rajasthan.

The main industries are mineral based, agriculture based, and textile based. Rajasthan is the second largest producer of polyester fiber in india. Several prominent chemical and engineering companies are located in the city of kota, in southern rajasthan. The Tajmahal was built from the white marble which is mined from a town called Makrana. The state is the second largest source of cement in india. It has a rich salt deposit at sambhar, copper mines at khetri, jhunjhunu and zinc mines at Dariba, Zawar mines and rampura agucha near Bhilwara. Dimensional stone mining is also undertaken in rajasthan. Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings and residential buildings. This stone is termed as “chittar patthar”. Jodhpur leads in handicraft and guar gum.The state gets 39% of the DMIC, with major districts of Jaipur, kota, Alwar and Bhilwara benefiting.

 

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Crude oil and Mineral stones:

Rajasthan is earning Rs. 150 million per day as revenue from the crude oil sector. This earning is expected to reach Rs 250 million per day in 2013. The government of india has given permission to extract 300,000 barrels of crude per day from barmer region which is now 175,000 barrels per day. Once the limit of 300,000 barrels per day is reached, the overall production of the country will increase by 15 percent. Cairn india is doing the work of exploration and extraction of crude oil in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan has reach reserves of limestone. Niki chemical industries, Jodhpur is one of the largest manufacturer of slaked lime (hydrated lime or Ca (oH) 2

 

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Agriculture production:

Rajasthan is the largest producer of barley, mustard, pearl millet, coriander, fenugreek and guar in india. Ramganj mandi in kota district is the Asia’s largest mandi or market of coriander. Rajasthan produces over 72% of guar of the world and 60% of india’s barley. Rajasthan is major producer of aloevera, amla, oranges leading producer of maize, groundnut. Rajasthan is 2nd in production of cumin, gram and 3rd in seed spices. Rajasthan government has initiated olive cultivation with technical support from Israel. The current production of olives in the state is around 100-110 tonnes annually. Rajasthan is india’s second largest producer of milk. Rajasthan has 13800 dairy co-operative societies.

 

 

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