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Dimensional & Decorative Stones

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Rajasthan has enormous reserves of a large variety of dimensional and decorative stones and has a lion's share in the national production of these stones. The stone mining and processing industries are growing at a rate of 12% per annum. The State is leading producer of Marble, Sandstone and Flaggy Limestone (Kota stone) whiles the Granite production in the State is steadily increasing. The State enjoys distinction over other States for having the best resources of the finest quality of Marble.

 

Granite

Rajasthan is richly endowed with large reserves of Granite and allied rocks mostly confined to southwestern, western and north eastern part of the State. Granite occurs in wide range of colours, texture and appearance. Granite deposits are located in 23 out of 33 district of Rajasthan. Important Granite deposits are located at Sankra, Lakha (Jaisalmer); Rakhi, Phulan, Mokalsar, Mungeria, Meli (Barmer); Kawla, Khambi, Bhuti, Keshwana, Kotkasta, Tabab, Maylawas, Nabi (Jalore); Sanpur, Siyankara, Idarla, Jirawal (Sirohi); Gyangarh, Katar, Kidimal, (Bhilwara); Makhar, Rijani, Rasoda (Jhunjhunu); Dang Gelpur, Ramaliya, Bhinai (Ajmer); Khejadla, Chokri-Khurd, Chokri-Kalan (Jodhpur); Ajeetgarh (Sikar) and Malkot (Rajsamand). Granite processing units are located at Jalore, Kishangarh, AbuRoad, Shahpura (Jaipur), Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Rajsamand, etc.

 

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Marble

The Marble deposits of Rajasthan occur in various colours and shades viz., white Marble of Makrana, Off-white and greyish-white Marble of Rajsamand, Green Marble of Rishabhdev-Kesariaji, Pink Marble of Babarmal, Off White Marble of Banswara, Black Marble of Bhaislana, Yellow Marble of Jaisalmer, etc. Rajasthan possesses 1,100.00 million tonnes reserves of superior quality Marble in 20 out of 33 districts of the State, which are the largest in the country.

Rajasthan has about 95% processing capacity in the country. There are number of gang saws and many automatic tiling plants, in operation in the State. Important processing centers in the State are Makrana, Jaipur, Alwar, Ajmer, Udaipur, Nathdwara, Rajsamand, Abu Road and Kishangarh. The important calcitic and dolomitic Marble deposits are located at Makrana (Nagaur); Serwa-Perwa (Sirohi); Tripura-Sundari, Oda-Bassi (Banswara); Rajnagar, Kelwa, Agaria,  Parbati, Nijharna, Morwad, Talai etc., (Rajsamand); Andhi, Sankotra, Rajsala, Bhainslana (Jaipur); Jaspura, Manderia, Babarmal (Udaipur); Moolsagar, Jethwai (Jaisalmer); Sawar, Kayar (Ajmer); Jhiri, Rajgarh (AIwar) and Umar-Pagara (Bundi). Serpentine Marble (Green Marble) is found at Rishabhdev, Undithal, Bhutala (Udaipur), Bidasar (Churu) and Mal-Surata, Dewal, Rohanwara, Dachki, Manpur, Methali (Dungarpur). Marble industry has reasons to gear up to meet the increasing demand for exports as well as for domestic consumption in future.

 

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Sandstone

Huge deposits of Sandstone in Rajasthan are associated with Vindhyan and Trans-Aravalli formations, exposed over an area of 35,000 sq.km. Splittable Sandstone deposits are confined to an area of 16,000 sq.km., out of which 10,000 sq.km. lie in eastern and south-eastern Rajasthan and 6,000 sq.km. in western Rajasthan. The State is the largest producer of Sandstone in India (90%). It is being quarried in 13 districts namely Bharatpur, Dholpur, Jodhpur, Karauli, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur, Jhalawar, Kota, Baran, Bhilwara, Chittaurgarh, Nagaur and Bikaner.

 

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Flaggy Limestone

Huge deposits of Splittable (flaggy) Limestone of light bluish, yellowish, grayish, greenish and brownish shades occur in Kota, Jhalawar and Chittaurgarh districts and are used mainly for flooring and wall claddings. Main localities of Splittable Limestone are Ramganjmandi, Dara, Chechat, Suket, Manpura, KukraHira-Kheri, Jingsi, Teliyakheri, Zalampura, Julmi (Kota); Sawa, Binota, Khodip, Lasarawan, Kheri, Nimbaheda, Senthi, Manpura (Chittaurgarh) and Aroliya, Paroliya, Kishanpura, Khanpuria, Salriya (Jhalawar). The yellow Limestone of Jaisalmer is of Jurassic age and is found at Jaisalmer, Bada Bag, Moolsagar, Amarsagar, Jethwai and Kanod villages. This stone has a bright future and its demand can be increased manifolds by adopting proper mining, processing and marketing techniques.

 

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