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Home > Student's Corner > Projects for kids > Tropical Trees Of India

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Tropical Trees of India

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Neem Tree- (Scientific name- Azadirachta indica)

Neem tree is very common tree in India. It is very useful tree. We can use neem tree as a medicine. Leaves of neem tree are also use for beauty. It is also used to control pests and deal with pox viruses.  Neem is includes in many soaps and shampoos. Its flowers are pale white in colour and grow from March to May months. Neem leaves grow in pairs along a long common stem. Neem tree and chinaberry tree are look quite similar and difficult to to spot the real neem tree.

 

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Peepal Tree- (Scientific name- Ficus Religiosa)

We can early see peepal tree all around. This tree falls in the category of dry season deciduous or semi- evergreen tree. Many Indian treat this tree like god and they worship that tree. This is one of them who release oxygen both in the day and the night. Leaves of this tree looks like heart-shaped with an extended drip tip.

 

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Banyan Tree- (Scientific Name- Ficus Benghalensis)

We know Banyan tree (Bargad) very well. Banyan trees have the largest canopy coverage in India. This tree was born in India. Only some people know that tree is national tree of India. This tree is one of biggest tree in India. Leaves of this tree look like those of a fig tree. When any one plucked the leaves of this tree than a white sticky liquid is visible it’s looks like milk. This tree lives more than 500 years.

 

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Babool Tree- (Scientific Name- Vachellia nilotica)

Babool tree is also called Babbula tree and India it’s also called Keekar. Babool tree is very useful tree for anyone. It is used in some toothpaste. Babool tree is use like a herb. It is also use in treatment of skin diseases, dhat syndrome, and bleeding disorders and to treat intestinal worms. We can find this tree in dry places of whole India. It is a small tree and grows only 8-10 m. it is also used in some medicine.

 

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Sal Tree- (Scientific Name- Shorea Robusta)

Sal tree have large leaves. Tree of Sal is native to the Indian sub-continent. That is very difficult to see this tree without leaves. This tree gives us wood of very good quality. Sal tree’s leaves are ovate-oblong in shape. This tree is worshipped by Hindus and Buddhists. Leaves of this tree have a peculiar shine on their upper surface.

 

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Ashoka Tree- (Scientific Name- Saraca Asoca)

Ashoka tree is common rain-forest tree. We can found this tree in the central areas of the Deccan plateau and in parts of the Western Ghats. Ashoka tree is a evergreen tree. Ashoka tree is known for his foliage and fragrant flowers. Its leaves grow in dense clusters and are pointed from the top. The flowering season is February to April. The flowers grow in heavy bunches as well. They are bright yellow and orange in colour. 

 

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Coconut Tree- (Scientific Name- Cocos nucifera)

Coconut tree grow in warm rain-forest places and tropical areas. Coconut tress need too much warm air and moisture in order to grow strong. They need sunlight also.  Coconut tree produce which fruit that we called coconut. A normal coconut tree can produce about 30 coconuts. Dwarf coconut trees can reach 20 to 60 feet in height and tall coconut trees grow to the height of 98 feet. The leaves of coconut tree are normally 13 to 20 inches long.

 

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Gulmohar Tree- (Scientific Name- Delonix Regia)

Gulmohar Tree is very famous tree. It has very beautiful tree. On this tree flower are blowing from April to June. Spotting this tree is quite easy as it grows in dry as well as tropical conditions. Its leaves are double shaded. The flowers of this tree are large and orange-red in colour. The tree spreads and provides a dense shade.

 

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Carry leaves- (Scientific nameMurraya koenigii)

Carry leaves are very important. This is used in south Indian dishes because of their strong aroma. These trees are growing average 6 metres. On this tree blowing flowers are small and white. These tress are tropical to sub-tropical tree and is native to India and Sri Lanka.

 

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