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Inventions and Discoveries

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Invention

Year

Inventor

country

Acetylene Gas

1862

Berthelot

France

Adding machine

1642

Pascal

France

Adhesive tape, Scotch

1930

Richard Drew

USA

Aeroplane

1903

Orville & Wilbur Wright

USA

Air conditioning

1902

Carrier

USA

Aeroplane, jet engine

1939

Ohain

Germany

Airship(non-rigid)

1852

Henri Giffard

France

Aerosol spray

1926

Erik Rotheim

Norway

Artificial heart

1957

William Kolff

Netherlands

Atomic bomb

1945

J Robert Oppenheimer

USA

atomic numbers

1913

Moseley

Britain

atomic theory

1803

Dalton

Britain

automatic rifle

1918

John Browning

USA

Bakelite

1907

Leo H Baekeland

Belgium

ballistic missile

1944

Wernher von Braun

Germany

balloon

1783

Jacques & Joseph Montgolfier

France

ballpoint pen

1888

John J loud

USA

barometer

1644

Evangelista Torricelli

Italy

battery(electric)

1800

Alessandro Volta

Italy

bicycle

1839-40

Kirkpatrick Macmillan

Britain

bicycle tyres(pneumatic)

1888

John Boyd Duniop

Britain

bifocal lens

1780

Benjamin Franklin

USA

bleaching powder

1798

Tennant

Britain

Bunsen Burner

1855

R. Willhelm von Bunsen

Germany

burglar alarms

1858

Edwin T. Holmes

USA

calculus

1670

Newton

Britain

camera, Kodak

1888

Walker Eastman

USA

canned food

1804

Appert

France

Car(Steam)

1769

Nicolas Cugnot

France

car(Petrol)

1888

Karl Benz

Germany

Carburettor

1876

Gottlieb Daimler

Germany

Cassette, Audio

1963

Philips co.

Holland

Cassette videotape

1969

Sony

Japan

Celluloid

1861

Alexander Parkes

Britain

Cement (Portland)

1824

Joseph Aspdin

Britain

Chemotheraphy

1909

Ehrlich

Germany

Chronometer

1735

John Harrison

Britain

Cinema

1895

Nicolas and Jean Lumiere

France

Clock (Mechanical)

1725

I Hsing & Liang Ling Tsan

China

Cloning, DNA

1973

Boyer, Cohen

USA

Cloning, mammal

1996

Wilmut, et al

UK

Compact disc

1972

RCA

USA

Compact disc player

1979

Sony, Philips co

Japan, Netherlands

Computer, laptop

1987

Sinclair

Britain

Computer,mini

1960

Digital corp

USA

Crossword puzzle

1913

Arthur Wynne

USA

CT Scan

1973

Hounsfield

Britain

Diesel engine

1895

Rudolf Diesel

Germany

Disc brakes

1902

Dr. F Lanchester

Britain

Disc, video

1972

Phillips co

Holland

DNA, structure

1951

Crick-UK,Watson-US,Wilkins-UK

--

Dynamo

1832

Hypolite Pixii

France

Electric flat iron

1882

H.W. Seeley

USA

Electric lamp

1879

Thomas alva Edison

USA

electric motor (DC)

1873

Zenobe Gramme

Belgium

Electric motor (AC)

1888

Nikola Tesla

USA

Electric iron

1882

Henry W.Seely

USA

Electric washing machine

1906

Alva J Fisher

USA

Electromagnet

1824

William Sturgeon

Britain

Electron

1897

Thomson J

Britain

Electroplating

1805

Luigi Brugnatelli

Italy

Electronic computer

1824

Dr Alan M turning

Britain

Facsimile machine

1843

Alexander Bain

Britain

Fibre-optics

1955

Kepany

Britain

Film (moving outlines)

1885

Louise Prince

France

Film (talking)

1922

J. Engl, J.Mussolle & H Vogt

Germany

Film (musical sound)

1923

Dr Le de forest

USA

Floppy disk

1970

IBM

USA

Frequency modulation

1933

EH Armstrong

USA

Frisbee

1948

Fred Morrisson

USA

Fountain pen

1884

Lewis E. Waterman

USA

Galvanometer

1834

Andre-Marie Ampere

France

Glider

1853

Sir George Cayley

Britain

Gramophone

1878

Thomas Alva Edison

USA

Helicopter

1924

Etinne Oehmichen

France

HIV

1984

Martagnier

France

Holography

1947

Denis Gason

Britain

Hydrogen bomb

1952

Edward Teller

USA

Intelligence testing

1905

Simon Binet

France

Jet engine

1937

Sir Frank Whittle

Britain

Laser

1960

Theodore Maiman

USA

Launderette

1934

J.F. Cantrell

USA

Lift (mechanical)

1852

Elisha G Otis

USA

Lightning conductor

1752

Benjamin Franklin

USA

Locomotive

1804

Richard Trevithick

Britain

Logarithms

1614

Napier

Britain

Loom, power

1785

E cartwright

Britain

Loudspeaker

1900

Horace Short

Britain

Machine gun

1718

Richard Gatling

Britain

Magnetic recording tape

1928

Fritz Pfleumer

Germany

Match, safety

1826

John Walker

Britain

Microphone

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

USA

Microprocessor

1971

Robert Noyce & Gordon Moore

USA

Microscope,comp

1590

Z.Janssen

Netherlands

Microscopes, elect

1931

Ruska Knoll

Germany

Microwave oven

1947

Percy LeBaron Spencer

USA

Motorcycle

1885

G. Daimler

Germany

Movie projector

1593

Thomas Edison

USA

MRI

1971

Damadian

USA

Neon lamp

1910

George Claude

France

Neutron

1932

Chadwick

Britain

Neutron bomb

1958

Samuel Cohan

USA

Nylon

1937

Dr Wallace H Carothers

USA

Optical fibre

1955

Narinder Kapany

Germany

Paper

AD 105

-

China

Pacemaker

1952

Zoll

USA is

Pasteurization

1867

Lewis Pasteur

France

Pencil

1792

Lacques Nicolas Conte

France

Periodic table

1869

Mendeleyev

Russia

Photocopier

1938

Carlson

USA

Photoelectric cell

1893

Julius Elster, Hans F Geitel

Germany

Photo film, celluloid

1893

Reichenbach

USA

Photo film, transparent

1884

Goodwin Eastman

USA

Photography (on metal)

1826

J.N. Niepce

France

Photography (on paper)

1835

W.H. Fox Talbot

Britain

Photography (on film)

1888

John Carbutt

USA

Piano

1709

Cristofori

Italy

Pistol, revolver

1836

Colt

USA

Plutonium fission

1940

Kennedy, whal,Seaborg,Segre

USA

Pop-up toaster

1927

Charles Strite

USA

Printing press

1455

Johann Gutenberg

Germany

Printing (rotatory)

1846

Richard Hoe

USA

Printing (Web)

1865

William Bullock

USA

Proton

1919

Rutherford

New Zealand

Quantum theory

1900

Plank

Germany

Radar

1922

AH Taylor and Leo C Young

USA

Radiocarbon dating

1947

Libby

USA

Radio telegrapy

1864

Dr Mohlon Loomis

USA

Radio telegrapy (trans Atlantic)

1901

G Marconi

Italy

Rayon

1883

Sir Joseph Swan

Britain

Razor (electric)

1931

Col Jacob Schick

USA

Razor (safety)

1895

King C Gillette

USA

Refrigerator

1850

James Harrison, Alexandre catlin

USA

Relativity theory

1905

Einstein

Germany

Rubber (latex foam)

1928

Dunlop Rubber Co.

Britain

Rubber (Tyres)

1846

Thomas Hancock

Britain

Rubber (Vulcanised)

1841

Charles Goodyear

USA

Rubber (waterproof)

1823

Charles Macintosh

Britain

Safety pin

1849

Walter Hunt

USA

Safety razor

1903

King camp Gillette

USA

Seatbelt

1959

Volvo

Sweden

Self-starter

1911

Charles F Kettering

USA

Ship (steam)

1775

IC Perier

France

Ship (turbine)

1894

Hon Sir C Parson

Britain

Silk manufacture

50 BC

-

China

Skyscraper

1882

W Le Baron Jenny

USA

Slide rule

1621

William Oughtred

Britain

Spinning frame

1769

Sir Richard Arkwright

Britain

Spinning Jenny

1764

JamesHargreaves

Britain

Spinning Mule

1779

Samuel Crompton

Britain

Steam Engine

1698

Thomas Savery

Britain

Steam Engine(Piston)

1712

Thomas Newcomen

Britain

Steam Engine(Condenser)

1765

James Watt

Britain

Steel(Stainless)

1913

Harry Brealey

Britain

Stethoscope

1819

Laennec

French

Submarine

1776

David Bushnell

USA

Super Computer

1976

J.H Van Tassel

USA

Synthesiser

1964

Moog

USA

Tank

1914

Sir Emest D Swington

Britain

Tape recorder

1899

Fessenden Poulsen

Denmark

Telegraph

1787

M Lammond

France

Telegraph code

1837

Samuel FB Morse

USA

Telephone, cellular

1947

Bell Labs

USA

Telephone (imperfect)

1849

Antonio Meucci

Italy

Telephone (perfected)

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

USA

Telescope

1608

Hans Lippershey

Netherlands

Television (mechanical)

1926

John Logie Baird

Britain

Television (electronic)

1927

P.T Farnsworth

USA

Television, colour

1928

John Logie Baird

Britain

Transformer

1831

Michael Faraday

Britain

Transistor

1948

Bardeen, Shockley & Brattain

USA

Transistor radio

1955

Sony

Japan

Uranium fission, atomic reactor

1942

Szilard Fermi

USA

Vacuum cleaner

1907

Spangler

USA

Videotape

1956

Charles Ginsberg

USA

Velcro(hook-and-loop-fastner)

1948

Geprges de Mestral

Switzerland

Washing machine(elec)

1907

Hurley Machine co

USA

Watch

1462

Bartholomew Manfredi

Italy

Welder (electric)

1877

Elisha Thomson

USA

Windmill

600

Persian corn grinding

-

Wireless (telegraph the)

1896

G Marconi

Italy

x-ray

1895

W.K Roentgen

Geremany

Zip Fastener

1891

W.L Judson

USA

 

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