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Learning Point

Famous Explorations

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Achievement

Explorer (Year)

Nationality

Possible the first European landfall in North America

Ericon, Leif(1003)

Norse

Travels in Central Asia and China

Polo, Marci (1271-1295)

Italian

Voyage around the Cape of Good Hope

Dias, Bartholomew (1487)

Portuguese

Exploration of the Caribbean

Columbs, Christopher (1492-1504)

Italian

Landfall in Canada, with his Brother Sebastian

Cabot, John (1497)

Italian

First to sail around Africa to India

DaGama Vasco (1497-98)

Portuguese

First sea journey around the world

Magellan

Portugusese

Conquest and Exploration of Mexico

Cortes, Fernando (1519-1521)

Spanish

Conquest and Exploration of Peru

Pozarro Francisco (1530-1538)

Spanish

Discovery of Tasmania and New Zealand

Abel Janszoon (1642)

Dutch

Exploration of the South Pacific

Cook, James (1768-1779)

English

Exploration of Southern and Central Africa

Livingstone, David

Scotish

First north-south crossing of Australia

Burke, Robert O'Hana (1860-1861)

Irish

Exploration of Central Africa

Stanley, Henry Morton (1874-1889)

Welsh

First man to reach the North Pole

Peary, Robert E (1909)

American

First man to reach the South Pole

Amudsen Ruald (1911)

Norwegian

First man to orbit the Earth

Gagarian, Yuri (April 1961)

Russian

First man to step onto the Moon

Armstrong, Neil (July 1969)

American

 

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