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First in Science and Technology

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First Hydroelectric Plant

On the Gaganachukki waterfall of the Shivanasamudra Falls, Karnataka, built in 1902

First City to have electricity

Bangalore, in 1906 (it was in fact the first city to have electricity)

First Man in Space

Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space world-wide.

First Women in Space

Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS- 87, on November 19,1997
She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.

First Test-tube baby

Durga Agarwal, born 1978

First Scientific Expedition to Antarctica


First Nuclear Reactor

Tarapur, Maharashtra

First Genetically Modified Food Product in India

Bt. Egg Plant Hybrid

First Satellite

Aryabhata, launched on April 19, 1975

First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services


First Successfully Indigenous Launch Vehicle

SLV- 3

The first person in the world to land on the moon

Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E Aldrin Jr of USA (Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon followed by Aldrin) - July 21, 1969

First man to enter space (or the world's first cosmonaut)

Yuri Gagarin (Russian)

The first returnable space shuttle


The first disabled satellite repaired in space

Solar Max

The first unmanned moon-buggy to explore surface of the moon

Lunokhod- I (Russia)

The first unmanned spaceship to have soft-landed and lifted off from the moon to return to earth.

Luna - 16 (Russia) (Sept. 21, 1970)

The first manned space vehicle to land on the moon

Lunar Exploration Module (LEM) nick named "Eagle"

The first country to send men on the moon


The first to launch earth satellite or "artificial baby moon"


The first woman cosmonaut of the world

Valentina Tereshkova (Russian)

The first person to float in space

Alexey Leonov (Russian)

The first American astronaut (and second person in the world) to float in space

Edward White

The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moon


The first space rocket to hit the moon

Lunik- II

The first spaceship in the world to sample moon's crust

Surveyor-3 (USA)

The first space vehicle to soft-land on Moon

Luna-9 (Russia)

The first space vehicle to orbit the moon

Luna-10 (Russia)

The first space-craft to leave solar system

Pioneer II

The first American manned spaceship to perform crew transfer in space

Apollo-9 (USA)

The first manned spaceship to perform space flight round the moon

Apollo-8 (USA)


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