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B. R. Ambedkar

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Name- Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

DOB- 15 August 1947

Known for- Indian jurist, economist, politician 

Father- Ramji Maloji Sakpal

Mother- Bhimabai Sakpal

Death- Since 1948

 


 

About B. R. Ambedkar-

 

B.R. Ambedkar is popularly known as Baba Saheb. Ambedkar was a prolific student, earning doctorates in economics from both Columbia University and the London School of Economics, and gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law, economics and political science. In his starting career he was an economist, professor, and lawyer. He became involved in campaigning and negotiations for India's independence, publishing journals, advocating political rights and social freedom for Dalits, and contributing significantly to the establishment of the state of India.

 

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He was born on 14 April 1891 in the town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Provinces. He was 14th and last child of his parents. His father Ramji Maloji Sakpal, was an army officer who held the rank of Subedar, and Bhimabai Murbadkar Sakpal. He was belonged to Marathi background from the town of Ambavade (Mandangad taluka) in Ratnagiri district of modern-day Maharashtra. His family was a poor low Mahar (dalit) caste. Ambedkar's family moved to Bombay where Ambedkar became the only untouchable enrolled at Elphinstone High School, in 1897. He was about 15 years old, his marriage to a nine-year-old girl, Ramabai in 1906.

He passed his matriculation examination and in the following year he entered Elphinstone College, which was affiliated to the University of Bombay, becoming the first untouchable to do so, in 1907. By 1912, he obtained his degree in economics and political science from Bombay University, and prepared to take up employment with the Baroda state government.at the age of 22 he had been awarded a Baroda State Scholarship of £11.50 (Sterling) per month for three years under a scheme established by Sayajirao Gaekwad III (Gaekwad of Baroda) that was designed to provide opportunities for postgraduate education at Columbia University in New York City. Bhabha completed his second thesis, National Dividend of India-A Historic and Analytical Study for another M.A in 1913 and he received his PhD in Economics in 1927. In October 1916, he enrolled for the Bar course at Gray's Inn, and at the same time enrolled at the London School of Economics where he started working on a doctoral thesis. In June 1917, he returned to India because his scholarship from Baroda ended. His book collection was dispatched on different ship from the one he was on, and that ship was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine. He got permission to return to London to submit his thesis within four years.

 He went to Bombay for treatment, and there met Dr. Sharada Kabir, a Brahmin, whom he married on 15 April 1948, at his home in New Delhi. Ambedkar's first wife Ramabai died in 1935 after a long illness. She adopted the name Savita Ambedkar and cared for him the rest of his life. After meetings with the Sri Lankan Buddhist monk Hammalawa Saddhatissa.  Ambedkar organised a formal public ceremony for himself and his supporters in Nagpur on 14 October 1956. Accepting the Three Refuges and Five Precepts from a Buddhist monk in the traditional manner, Ambedkar completed his own conversion, along with his wife. 

 

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Ambedkar suffered from diabetes, in 1948. He was bed-ridden from June to October in 1954 due to medication side-effects and poor eyesight. Three days after completing his final manuscript The Buddha and His Dhamma, Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi. He received Bharat Ratana awards for his work.

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