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Dogri Language

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Introduction of Dogri Language

Five million people in India and Pakistan converse in Indo Aryan language which is identified as Dogri. In few divisions of northern Punjab, Dogri verbal communication is spoken. It is considered as the most important language and even the authorized verbal communication of Himachal Pradesh. Furthermore this language is even identified as a constituent of Western Pahari Group of Languages. Moreover the areas where Dogri words are spoken are called as the districts of Duggar while the folks who talk Dogri language are recognized as Dogras. As well in Pakistan it is too demotes as the tongue of Paharis. Dogri is phrases as a tonal language for Indo European languages since it contributes some part of it with western Pahari and Punjab. The George Grierson phrased the Rajasthani words with Duggar words such as Dongger which means Hill. Even Ranbir singh Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir declared Duggar as a malformed shape of Dwigart phrase which means two channels. This verbal communication is chiefly orated in few parts of Himachal Pradesh that are Bilaspur, Kangra and Chintpurni. Besides in Turkey many areas are knonwn after this foreign language. The forenames of the districts are Duger and Doker. Freshly in Himachal Pradesh, the Museum of Bhuri Singh publicizes that the Duggar word in relation with Durger came to be known as invincible.



The history of the Dogri language can be traced back to the times of poet, Amir Khusrau. It is in his list of Indian languages that the earliest known reference of the Dogri can be found. The gradual evolution of Dogri literature witnessed scripting of Rajauli, which is counted among its earliest level. It is actually a Dogri translation by Tehaldas, from an original Persian work by Bali Ram. It is also said that there exists a translation of the New Testament in Dogri language carried out by the Christian Missionaries of Sirampur.



It was during the 20th century that Dogri literature witnessed a spurt in spheres like poetry, prose, novels, short stories and plays. Today, one of the prominent names in Dogri literature is that of Dr Karan Singh, who has penned numerous novels, travelogues and philosophical treatises. He is also known for translating famous Dogri songs into English to popularize this language. Some of Dr Singh's praiseworthy works include Towards a New India (1974), Hinduism: The Eternal Religion (1999), Welcome The Moonrise (1965), etc. Dogri literature comprises a fabulous gamut of poetry, fiction and dramatic works. Under the poetry category alone, there are Dogri poets like Kavi Dattu from the 18th Century era to more recent ones like Professor Ram Nath Shastri and Ms Padma Sachdev. Dogri poet Kavi Dattu, who belonged to the court of Raja Ranjit Dev, is regarded in high esteem for his Barah Massa (Twelve Months), Kamal Netra (Lotus Eyes), Bhup Bijog, Bir Bilas and other works.



All these languages like Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Kashmiri and Urdu are spoken extensively in various parts of India and therefore have also added noteworthy ethnicity and uniqueness. Even it is showed too many dialects of Dogri language. Additionally Dogri verbal communication embraces various dialects of Punjabi words and a little of Western Pahari. All these entire languages clutch an essential standard on which its fiction stands.


Writing System

Dogri is a member of the Western Pahari group of languages. Originally, this language was written using the Takri script, but now the Devanagari script is employed for the same in India. Dogri language has its own grammar and it own dictionary. The Grammar of Dogri also has a very strong Sanskrit base. It is studied in schools and colleges at UG and PG level in Jammu and Kasmir and adjoining areas of Punjab and Himachal.


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