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Teej festival

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Introduction:

According to mythology Teej is celebrated to mark the reunion of Goddess Parvati and GOD Shiva. Kajari Teej, Haryali Teej and Hartalika Teej are the three types of Teej festival celebrated across the country. They are traditionally observed by women. Haryali Teej is celebrated on the third day of the Shraavana month of Hindu calendar. Kajarai Teej is celebrated in Bhadrapud month of Hindu calendar. Hartalika Teej is celebrated on the third day Bhadrapud month of Hindu calendar.

Haryali Teej is famous festivals of Haryana.  In Rajasthan women wear green colored clothes and play in swing. Traditional ghevar sweet is made and distributed among the family and friends. Haryali Teej coincides with 'Jhulan Utsav' or 'Hindola Utsav' which is related with Krishna and Radha, and widely celebrated in Uttar Pradesh. The festival is celebrated for 13 days until Krishna Janmashtami.

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Different styles of Teej festival

States are different, languages are different, and hence the celebration style of Teej festival is also different varying from place to place.

Kajari- Teej: This Teej is celebrated in the month of shravan on the third day i.e. Krishna Paksha Tritiya. As is evident from the name of this Teej, owing to its falling in the month of Shravan, the sky remains covered with blackish (kajrare) clouds.

Haritalika- Teej: This Teej particularly is celebrated in Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. According to the Hindu calendar, this falls on Bhadra- the third day of the Shukla -Paksha of the month of Bhado. The married ladies worship Goddess Parvati on this day. This festival is celebrated by the young lady for the longevity of their husbands.

 

How Teej is celebrated?

Unmarried girls also do this vrat to get a good husband and for this the married women take jibes at them. Women of every group apply mehandi on their hands and alta (mahawar) on their feet. This festival is celebrated with great gusto in Bania, Marwari and Kayashtha communities.

Generally, Teej is a one day festival. In some other places, it is celebrated for 2-3 days. One day before the main Teej day, young women congregate to sing geet and bhajans, dance and make merry. They sit to eat together which incluse delicious dishes. It is also called sarahi or sargahi. Ladies wear red sarees on this day.

Teej in Rajasthan:  Teej is one of the most widely celebrated festivals of Rajasthan. Swings, traditional songs and dancing are the unique features of Teej celebrations in Rajasthan. Women perform traditional folk dance dressed in green colored clothes and sing beautiful Teej songs enjoying their sway on swings Dressed with flowers.

Teej Activities in Rajasthan:  Teej is celebrated with immense fun and fanfare in the capital city of Jaipur. On this day, women and young girls wear their best clothes and adorn themselves with fine jewelry. They gather at a nearby temple or a common place and offers prayers to Goddess Parvati for well-being of their husband.

On the occasion of Teej, markets in Jaipur are stocked with trendiest women accessories and clothes. Most of the fabric clothes display laheria (tie and dye) prints. Sweet shops keep different Teej sweets but ghewar is the main sweet of the season.

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Rituals:

On this day parents of married women send Sinjara to their daughters, which is a gift pack that includes bindi, vermilion, mehandi or henna, bangles, ghevar (a special Rajasthani sweet) and lahariya (a multi-coloured sari) as a symbol of their covertures. After accepting those gifts sent by her parents, the married ladies adorn themselves with henna, jewels, wear lahariya sari and take delight in the celebrations of this auspicious festival of Teej. Fairs are conducted on this festival.

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Significance of Teej

This festival is a symbol of dedication of goddess Parvati for god Shiva. This festival helps in strengthening the bond between couples. This festival also welcomes the advent of Mansoon season.

In Hindu mythology, it is believed that Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva were united on this day. So Parvati had to austerity. It is said that she took 108 births on Earth before Lord Shiva accepted her as his wife. Since then, this day is considered to be an auspicious day and it is believed that whosoever remembers her on this day will be blessed with a happy married life and all her desires will be fulfilled.

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