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Meenakshi Amman Temple (Tamil Nadu)

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Meenakshi Temple is a historic Hindu temple. It stands at southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu. This temple is committed to Mata Parvati. This city is 2500 years old and this Temple has mind of this city. This temple is the symbol of Tamil culture. This temple was rebuilt between 1623 and 1655 CE. by the Nayak ruler Vishwanatha Nayakar  Kumari Kandam says by her survivors that temple was originally built in 6th century BC.

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Its height is 170 ft. and two golden sculptured vimanas, the shrines over the garbhagrihas (sanctums) of the main deities. Almost 15000 people came to visit this temple in a day and on Friend they increase and become 25000 people. In a year receives the fund 60 Million in round off. There are an estimated 33,000 sculptures in the temple. It was on the list of top 30 nominees for the "New Seven Wonders of the World". The temple is the most prominent landmark and most visited tourist attraction in the city. The annual 10-day Meenakshi Tirukalyanam festival, celebrated during April and May, attracts 1 million visitors. The meaning of this temple’s name is- means of “Meena” is FISH and means of “aksi” is EYES that’s means meenakshi is fish-eyes. The goddess Meenakshi is the principal deity of the temple, not Sundareswarar, unlike most Shiva temples in South India where Shiva is the principal deity. According to Hindu legend, in order to answer the prayers of the second Pandya king Malayadwaja Pandya and his wife Kanchanamalai, Parvati appeared out of the holy fire of the Putra Kameshti Yagna.

The temple is the geographic and ritual center of the ancient city of Madurai and one of the largest temple complexes in Tamil Nadu. The temple complex is divided into a number of concentric quadrangular enclosures contained by high masonry walls. It is one of the few temples in Tamil Nadu to have four entrances facing four directions. Vishwantha Nayaka allegedly redesigned the city of Madurai in accordance with the principles laid down by the Shilpa Shastras relevant to urban planning. The city was laid out in the shape of square with a series of concentric streets culminating from the temple. These squares continue to retain their traditional names, Aadi, Chittirai, Avani-moola and Masi streets, corresponding to Tamil month names.  Ancient Tamil classics mention that the temple was the center of the city and the streets happened to be radiating out like a lotus and its petals. The temple prakarams (outer precincts of a temple) and streets accommodate an elaborate festival calendar in which dramatic processions circumambulate the shrines. The vehicles used in the processions are progressively more massive the further they travel from the centre.

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