• Helpline: +91-8058868746
  • Mail us:
    Tutorial Library
Home > Student's Corner > Historical Monuments > Golden Temple (Amritsar)

Learning Point

Golden Temple (Amritsar)

Previous Next

The Harmandir Sahib is known as Golden Temple. It stands in Amritsar, Punjab. It is a holy place. Amritsar is foundered by fourth Sikh guru in 1577 his name is Guru Ram Das. The fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan was designed the Golden temple and in the mid of the Amritsar. It is Akal Takht’s home also. He has known for his beauty. The Buddha is known to have spent time at this place in contemplation. Two thousand years after Buddha's time, another philosopher-saint came to live and meditate by the peaceful lake. This was Guru Nanak (1469-1539), the founder of the Sikh religion. After the passing away of Guru Nanak, his disciples continued to frequent the site; over the centuries it became the primary sacred shrine of the Sikhs.

Work on Golden Temple was started on 1570 on order of Guru Arjan and it complete on 1577. Guru Arjan initiated the construction of the gurdwara and the foundation stone was laid by Hazrat Mian Mir on 28 December 1588. This completed on 1607.

                                                                 school-chalao-goldentemple image1

Golden temple is a symbol of Sikh world. Golde Temple is a Gurdwara. This Gurdwara is surrounding by Sarovar it is a large holy lake. Water of this lack fed in the Ravi River. This Gurdwara has four entrances. There are three holy trees outside the Golden Temple, each signifying a historical event or Sikh saint. Much of the present decorative gilding and marblework dates from the early 19th century. All the gold and exquisite marble work were conducted under the patronage of Hukam Singh Chimni and Emperor Ranjit Singh, Maharaja of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab. The Darshani Deorhi Arch stands at the beginning of the causeway to the Harmandir Sahib; it is 6.2 metres (20.3 ft) high and 6 metres (20 ft) in width. The gold plating on the Harmandir Sahib was begun by Ranjit Singh and was finished in 1830. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a major donor of wealth and materials for the shrine.

In the Golden Temple has world’s largest kitchen. According to Croatian Times can serve free food for up to 100,000 - 300,000 people every day. In the kitchen eats any religion, or background people. In the kitchen cooks only vegetarian food. One of the most important festivals is Baisakhi, which is celebrated in the second week of April (usually the 13th). Sikhs celebrate the founding of the Khalsa on this day and it is celebrated with fervour in the Harmandir Sahib. Other important Sikh religious days such as the birth of Guru Ram Das, martyrdom day of Guru Teg Bahadur, the birthday of the Sikh founder Guru Nanak, etc., are also celebrated with religious piety. Similarly Diwali is one of the festivals which see the Harmandir Sahib beautifully illuminated with Diyas (lamps); lights and fireworks are discharged. Most Sikhs visit Amritsar and the Harmandir Sahib at least once during their lifetime, particularly and mostly during special occasions in their life such as birthdays, marriages, childbirth, etc.

                                                                 school-chalao-goldentemple image2


Very Useful (0)

Useful (0)

Not Useful (0)