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Maharana Pratap Singh

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Name- Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodia

DOB- 9 May 1540

Place- Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan

Known as- Maharana of Mewar

Father- Udai Singh II

Mother- Maharani Jaiwanta Bai

Death- 29 January 1597


 

About Maharana Pratap Singh-

 

After the death of Maharana Udai Singh II, Pratap was become next king of Mewar. Rani Dheer Bai wanted to see her son as a king of Mewar but senior courtiers preferred Pratap, becose he was the elder son of Udai Singh. Pratap’s duty was not only to protect the region from Mughals but also to restrict the Rajput kings from joining hands with the Mughals. Pratap married many to the Rajput Princess mainly for political alliances. Maharana Pratap had 11 wives, 17 sons and 5 daughters. He got married to Maharani Ajabdeh at the age of 17 in the 1557. This marriage was the first marriage of Maharana Pratap. She gave Pratap first son (Amar Singh I) in 1559. Amar Singh I was next king of Mewar. Name of Maharana Pratp’s other wives was Rani Solankhinpurbai. Rani Champa Bai Jhati. Rani Jasobai Chauhan, Rani Phool Bai Rathore, Rani Shahmati Bai Hada, Rani Khichar Ashabai, Rani Alamdebai Chauhan, Rani Ratnawati Parmar, Rani AmarBai Rathore and Rani Lakhabai.

 

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Maharana Pratap was the greatest king of Mewar. He was very brave. His biggest enemy was the Akbar (king of Mugahl Empire). Pratap was the elder son of Udai Singh. In 1576, Akbar deputed Man Singh I and Asaf Khan I to lead a force against Pratap. The Rana advanced with a force numbering almost half the Mughal numbers and took a position near Haldighati which was at the entrance of a defile. Pratap and his army the main commanders were Gwalior's Ram Shah Tanwar and his three sons. In the army of Maharana Pratap included Afghans led by Hakim Khan Sur and a small contingent of Bhil tribals headed by Rao Poonjaji fighting alongside him. The Battle of Haldighati was fought on 18 June 1576 for almost four hours. In this battle they used elephants and cavalry and this was a traditional manner. In a traditional fight, the Rajputs were at an advantage; their attack led to a crumbling of the Mughal left- and right-wings and put pressure on the centre until reserves of the Mughal army arrived, and resulted in a Rajput retreat.  Later, the Mughal army attacked the Rajputs hiding in hills. The pressure of Mughal army was so much that the Rana had to retreat from the battlefield. The battle resulted in Mughal victory.

After the three days of Haldhighati he wins again in July 1576. Then Pratap made Kumbhalgarh his temporary capital. After all that Akbar decided he wants and faced Pratap personally. In the process, Gogunda, Udaipur and Kumbhalgarh were occupied by the Mughals, forcing the Rana deeper into the mountainous tracts of southern Mewar.  After a Mughal victory, Duda escaped to the hills and Bundi was conferred upon Bhoj. At this point Pratap found himself isolated and marginalised in Rajput affairs.

 

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On 29 January 1597 Pratap was got injured when he was hunting at Chavand which was his capital. Because of these injuries he got died on same day. A chhatri (monument) at the site of Pratap's funeral in Chavand is an important tourist attraction. Birth day of Maharana Pratap known as Maharana Pratap Jayanti, is celebrated annually on the third day of the Jyestha Shukla phase.

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