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Baji Rao 1

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Name- Baji Rao 1

DOB- 18 August 1700

Father- Balaji Vishwanath

Mother- Radhabai

Religion- Hinduism

Famous As- Peshwa of Maratha Empire

Death- 28 April 1740


 

About Baji Rao-

 

Baji Rao 1 was the fourth Peshwa of Maratha Empire. Baji Rao never lost any battle in his life.  According to the British Army officer Bernard Montgomery, Bajirao was "possibly the finest cavalry general ever produced by India". He was born in Bhat family of Kokanastha Chitpavan Brahmin lineage. Baji Rao’s father Balaji Vishwanath was the first Peshwa of Chhatrapati Shahu. When he was very young his mother was died. He had a younger brother “Chimaji Appa”.

 

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When he was 20 years old his father was died and Shahu appointed Bajirao as the Peshwa. Baji Rao wanted to plant the Maratha flag upon the walls of Delhi and other cities. He also wanted to replace the Mughal Empire and create a Hindu-Pat-Padshahi. On 4 January 1721, Bajirao met Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah I at Chikhalthan to settle their disputes through agreement. However, the Nizam refused to recognize the Maratha rights to collect taxes from the Deccan provinces. Bajirao was known for his military tactics and the Battle of Palkhed which he fought against the Nizam-ul-Mulk of Hyderabad is considered a great example of his brilliant execution of military strategy. Eventually the Nizam was defeated by the Marathas and Bajirao was hailed as the hero of the Marathas’ resounding victory.  In his life Baji Rao fought over the 41 battle.

On 11 March 1720, Baji Rao got married to Kashibai. She was the daughter of Mahadji Krishna Joshi and Shiubai of Chas, belonging to a wealthy banker family. They had four sons. Their first child was Balaji Baji Rao; he was later appointed Peshwa by Shahu in 1740 after Bajirao's death. When Baji Rao got marriage to Mastani no one accept this marriage but Rani kashibai was ready to accept Mastani as Baji Rao’s wife. Mastani was the daughter of Bundela Rajput leader Maharaja Chhatrasa. She was a Musalim. Mastani gave birth to a son who was called Krishnarao at birth. However the orthodox Hindus did not allow the couple to raise their son as a Hindu. So the boy was renamed Shamsher Bahadur and raised a Muslim.

 

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When Baji Rao was 39 years old he was suffering from fever. On 28 April 1740, he was died at Raverkhedi on the river Narmada. According to some reports when Mastani received news of Baji Rao’s death she committed suicide.

Bajirao’s legend has inspired several books, television series, and films, one of the most popular ones being the movie ‘Bajirao Mastani’ (2015) directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali.

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