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Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar (Akbar)

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Name- Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar

DOB- 14 October 1542

Father- Humayun

Mother- Hamida Banu Begum

Died- 27 October 1605


 About Akbar:-

Akbar was the third Mughal Emperor. He was born on 14 October 1605 in Umerkot (Now in Pakistan), India. He became the dictator of Mughal Emperor at the age of 14. He was one of the india’s greatest warrior. He was known for his inclusive leadership style as for his war mongering. Akbar started learning how to fight and hunt in his childhood. He had no interest in learning how to read and write.

After the death of his father Jalal (Akbar) become the king of Mughal Emperor at the age of 14. When he became the king he was very young that time Bayram Khan became his teacher and guardian of his empire. An Afghan Prince, Adil Shah, was wanted to defeat Akbar. Than Hemu (Adil Shah) attacked the kingdom of Delhi. The war between Hemu and Akbar called the second Battle of Panipat. With the help of Bairam Khan, Akbar was able to defeat Hemu in this battle.


                                                                    school-chalao-akbar battle image


Akbar defeated Rana Pratap of Mewar in the Battle of Haldighati in 1556. At the age of 18 he became a strong king of India. As Akbar grew older, he won many more battles and added more regions to his kingdom, stretching from the Indo-Ganges Basin to Kashmir and Afghanistan, all the way down to Bengal in the east and part of Deccan in the south. Akbar respect to all religion so he removed restrictions on religions. He allowed everyone to follow any religion without any fear. Akbar was fair for his people and cancel to all un-fair taxes. He also played an important role in bringing in social reforms such as the abolishment of child marriage, permission for widows to re-marry and the removal of bans to build Hindu temples. Akbar had great interest in religion, music, painting, poetry and philosophy. He was interested in architecture so he was built Jama Masjid and Hawa Mahal for his wife.

Akbar was married to a hindu king Bharmal’s daughter, she was a princess of Amer. But Jodha don’t want to married to a muslium prince Akbar. Now this was the Akbar’s biggest challenge to marry princess Jodha. They thing that they never loved to each other but with the time they know each other and they fall in deep love. Akbar developed Hindu inclinations and allowed his Hindu wife to perform the customary rites in the royal palace.     

Akbar’s wife Jodha give birth 3 children. Jahangir was the only child who alive and Murad and Daniyal were died very young. They were not in a good relation (Akbar and his son Jahangir (Salim)).


                                                                      school-chalao-akbar jodha image

Akbar died in 1605. Some sources say Akbar became fatally ill with dysentery, while others cite a possible poisoning, likely traced to Akbar's son Jahangir. Many favored Jahangir’s eldest son, Khusrau, to succeed Akbar as emperor, but Jahangir forcefully ascended days after Akbar's death.

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