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How to Give CPR for First Aid

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What is CPR?

In an emergency situation, CPR – or cardiopulmonary resuscitation – can be a truly lifesaving technique. CPR is an important part of any first aid course, and it is something that everyone should know how to do. Why? Because CPR can provide the means to keep a person alive long enough to receive professional medical attention. The longer that a human being goes without oxygen, the more likely severe damage – and even death – can occur. Knowing CPR – and performing it properly – can mean the difference between life and death. Considering how relatively simple performing CPR is, there is no good reason why you shouldn’t learn how to do it yourself.


Before giving CPR:-

Check the person. Mack the sure the person is safe, then tap the person on the shoulder and ask “are you ok?” to ensure that the person needs help.

Call ambulance for assistance. If it’s evident that the person needs help, call ambulance.

Open the airway. With the person lying on his/her back, tilt the heat back slightly to lift the chin.

Check for breathing. Listen carefully, for no more than 10 seconds, for sound of breathing. If there is no breathing begin CPR.


CPR Steps:-

Step 1:-push hard, push fast. Place your hands, one on top of the other, in the middle of the chest. Use your body weight to help you administer that are at least 2 inches deep and delivered at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.

Step 2:-deliver rescue breaths. With the person’s head tilted back slightly and the chin lifted, pinch the nose shut and place you’re over the person’s mouth to make a complete seal. Blow the person’s mouth to make the chest rise. Deliver to rescue breaths, than continue compression.

Note:-if the chest dose not rises with the initial rescue breath, re-tilt the head before delivering the second breath. If the chest does not rise with the second breath, the person may be choking. After each subsequent set of 100 chest compressions, and before attempting breaths look for an object and, if seen, remove it.

Step 3:-continue CPR steps. Keep performing cycles of chest compressions and breathing until the person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing, an AED becomes available, or EMS or a trained medical responder arrives on scene.

Note:-end the cycles if the scene becomes unsafe or you cannot continue performing CPR due the exhaustion.


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