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How to First Aid of Epilepsy

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Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which a person has a tendency to have recurring seizures. For those people who are at risk of recurring seizures, approximately 70 per cent can usually control their seizures with medication. People who continue to have seizures are more vulnerable to the potential risks associated with seizures, especially when seizures occur without warning and impair awareness. Good seizure control is the first step in reducing the risks associated with epilepsy.


Epileptic seizure first aid:-

  • Stay calm and remain with the person
  • Time the seizure from the beginning until it has ended
  • Protect the person from injury – remove any hard objects that are near the person in preference to moving the person
  • Place something soft under their head and loosen any tight clothing at their neck
  • Gently roll the person onto their side as soon as it is possible to do so and firmly push the angle of the jaw forward to assist with breathing. A person cannot ‘swallow their tongue’, but the tongue can move back to cause a serious blockage to breathing. Establish communication with the person so you know when they have regained consciousness
  • Reassure the person and minimise embarrassment during recovery
  • Stay with them until they recover – this may range from five to 20 minutes or longer.


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Do not:-

  • Force anything into their mouth
  • Restrain the person unless they are in danger
  • Give pills, food or drink until recovery is complete.


Epileptic seizure emergency response:-

  • The seizure lasts for five or more minutes or a second seizure quickly follows the first
  • The person is not conscious within five minutes of the seizure stopping
  • The person does not fully recover after the seizure or has trouble breathing
  • The seizure occurs in water
  • The person is injured
  • The person is pregnant
  • You believe it is the person’s first seizure or you do not know – this applies regardless of how long the seizure lasts
  • You are in doubt.
  • Call an ambulance for any type of seizure lasting five minutes or longer.


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