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Home > Learning Point > Health education > First Aid Measures > How To First Aid For Nose Bleeding

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How to First Aid For Nose Bleeding

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Blood vessels in the nose are fragile:-

The small blood vessels in the septum are fragile and can burst fairly easily, causing a nose bleed.

Children usually grow out of the condition. If the bleeding is very heavy, prolonged or does not stop with first aid measures, take your child to a doctor or a hospital emergency department.

 

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Symptoms of nosebleeds:-

  • bleeding from either or both nostrils
  • a sensation of flowing liquid at the back of the throat
  • The urge to swallow frequently.

 

Causes of nosebleeds:-

  • fragile blood vessels that bleed easily, perhaps in warm dry air or after exercise
  • an infection of the nose lining, sinuses or adenoids
  • an allergy that causes hay fever or coughing
  • bumps or falls
  • an object that has been pushed up the nostril
  • nose picking
  • Occasionally, a bleeding or clotting problem.

 

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First aid management for nosebleeds:-

  • Reassure the person, especially children, as crying increases blood flow.
  • Sit the person up straight and drop their head slightly forward.
  • Apply finger and thumb pressure on the soft part of nostrils below the bridge of the nose for at least 10 minutes.
  • Encourage the person to breathe through their mouth while their nostrils are pinched.
  • Loosen tight clothing around the neck.
  • Place a cold cloth or cold pack over the person’s forehead and one around the neck, especially around the sides of the neck.
  • After 10 minutes, release the pressure on the nostrils and check to see if the bleeding has stopped.
  • If bleeding persists, seek medical aid.
  • Tell the person not to sniff or blow their nose for at least 15 minutes and not to pick their nose for the rest of the day.
  • You should go to the doctor or a hospital emergency department if the bleeding does not stop after simple first aid management. It is important to find and treat the cause of ongoing bleeding.

 

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