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How to do First Aid of Eye Injuries

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Eye Injuries:-

A chemical burn occurs when a liquid or powder chemical contacts the eye. Most commonly, the injury happens when a chemical splashes over the face. However, chemical burns may also result from rubbing your eyes after handling chemicals.

Depending on the chemical and degree of exposure, the potential for injury ranges from temporary redness and irritation to blindness. Chemicals splashed into the eyes can also cause poisoning as they are absorbed into the bloodstream many times more rapidly than chemicals splashed onto the skin.

Always wear appropriate safety goggles or a face shield when handling liquid or powder chemicals. For splashes of non-toxic liquids, such as soaps or shampoos, flushing the eye with fresh water is usually all the treatment you need. However, splashes from acids or alkali chemicals are serious and may cause vision loss. Seek urgent medical attention.

 

Symptoms of chemical burns to the eye:-

  • stinging
  • a burning sensation
  • redness
  • pain
  • swelling of the eyelids
  • blurry vision

 

Complications of chemical burns to the eye:-

  • corneal perforation – full thickness damage to the cornea, the clear surface of the eye
  • corneal ulcer – superficial damage to the cornea
  • cataracts – an abnormal clouding of the eye’s lens
  • Glaucoma – high eye pressure that damages the optic nerve.

 

First aid suggestions for chemical burns:-

Liquid or powder splashes from chemicals may seriously damage the eye. In many cases, prompt and thorough rinsing of the eye, dramatically reduces the risk of injury and long-term damage. It is often better to go straight to the nearest tap than to wait for saline from the first aid kit.

  • Hold your face under running water for 15 to 20 minutes and allow the water stream to flood into your eyes. Use your fingers to hold your eyelids apart (but make sure there is no trace of the chemical on your fingers).
  • If you wear contact lenses, remove them as soon as possible.
  • Seek immediate medical advice. Medical staff will need to know what chemical was involved, particularly acid or alkaline, liquid or powder.
  • Do not judge the seriousness of your eye injury on the degree of pain. For example, alkali chemicals don’t usually cause significant symptoms, but can seriously damage the eye.

 

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Self-care after a chemical burn:-

  • Don’t drive a vehicle while you are wearing an eye patch.
  • Use medication strictly as directed.
  • Attend all follow-up appointments.
  • See your doctor or eye specialist straight away if you have new symptoms, such as eye pain, redness, photophobia (intolerance of light) or blurry vision.

 

Always wear eye protection:-

  • Safety glasses – look similar to regular prescription glasses, but have shatter-resistant lenses, stronger frames and side shields. However, safety glasses do not seal against the face, which means liquids may splash or run into the eyes. Safety glasses may be an option if the risk of splash is low or if the liquid is non-toxic.
  • Safety goggles – are made from smash-resistant materials and seal against the face. Some styles of safety goggles are large enough to be worn over the top of prescription glasses.
  • Face shields – offer maximum protection against splash injury. In some cases, safety goggles are also worn. Face shields are recommended when handling dangerous chemicals, such as corrosive liquids or powders, cryogenic fluids or biological materials.

 

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