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How to Create a Home First Aid Kit

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Choosing, Locating, & Maintaining Your Kit:-

Pick a good container-You can buy pre-filled first aid kits, and you can also buy empty first aid kit containers.

Teach your family about the kit-Make sure everyone in your home who is old to understand the function of a first aid kit knows its location and when to retrieve it.

Keep your kit up-to-date-No one wants to fetch a first aid kit and find the bandage box empty or the pain relievers expired. Keep track of supply amounts and expiration dates regularly.


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Stocking Your Kit:-

Include an array of bandages-Place all your bandages in a clear, zip-close bag clearly labelled in permanent marker.

  • 25 adhesive bandages of various sizes
  • Five 3” x 3” and five 4” x 4” gauze pads
  • A roll of cloth adhesive tape
  • Two 5” x 9” sterile dressings
  • One 3” wide and one 4” wide roller bandage (ace bandage)
  • Two triangular bandages

Add basic medical tools-Be ready for plucking splinters, cutting bandages, and other first aid activities without having to rummage through the junk drawer. Place these in a marked zip-close bag as well.

  • Small, sharp scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Two pairs of non-latex gloves
  • Non-mercury oral thermometer
  • Cotton balls and swabs
  • CPR breathing barrier mask
  • Instant cold compress
  • First aid instruction booklet
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Cleansing wipes (for external cleaning only)
  • Zip-close plastic bags (to dispose of medical waste)

Consider adding additional tools as well-If you have a roomy kit, think about adding non-essential but useful medical tools in an additional, marked bag.

Eye protection

  • Pre-packaged space (warming) blanket
  • Aluminium finger splint
  • Duct tape
  • Petroleum jelly
  • Sewing needle
  • Safety pins
  • Turkey baster (for flushing out wounds)

Make a separate section for medications-Keep these separate from bandages and tools, and clearly marked. Check expiration dates regularly.

  • Aloe Vera gel
  • Calamine lotion
  • Anti-diarrheal medication
  • Laxatives
  • Antacids
  • Antihistamines
  • Pain relievers (aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen)
  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Cough / cold medicine

Personalize your kit with family medications-Consider including small doses of prescription medications for each member of your family, especially in car / travel kits, in small, clearly marked containers with instructions for each.

  • Keep close track of prescription medication expiration dates.
  • If anyone in your family has severe allergies and a prescription for an epi-pen, keep one in the home kit with instructions, so a visitor could provide assistance in an emergency.
  • Even for home kits, keeping a small stock of personalized medical supplies — a bee sting kit, for example — can prove useful if your medicine cabinet supply happens to be depleted.


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Making Mobile Kits:-

Always have a car/travel kit-You should always have a first aid kit in your home, and you should always have one in each car you own.

  • A travel kit should be similar to the home version, but to make it ready for the road, consider adding items such as: a flashlight with batteries; waterproof matches; a solar/crank charger for phones; sunscreen, insect repellent; a whistle; phone numbers for your physician, poison control, etc.; and medical consent and history forms for each family member.
  • Make your car kit accessible as well; don't bury it in the spare tire well under your trunk floor.

Create a camping kit if you're heading outdoors-

  • A camping kit will be similar to a car kit, but be extra sure to have a good pair of scissors; waterproof matches; a space blanket; duct tape; a solar/crank phone charger; and a whistle.
  • Include water purification tablets as well, to protect yourself should you need to drink from a body of water.

Pack a purse/compact first aid kit-It's nice to have a sizable kit with a bit of everything, but a smaller, easily portable kit can be with you nearly all the time.

  • For help in maximizing your first aid kit while minimizing its size, see How to Make a Compact First Aid Kit.
  • One commercially-available purse kit winnows down the contents to one ointment packet, three cleansing wipes, two gauze pads, and 10 bandages. Adding small amounts of your most commonly-used medications to a small zip-close bag would make for a solid first aid kit that should fit nicely in a purse, diaper bag, backpack, etc.


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