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What Is Environmental Science?

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Environmental science is the field of science that studies the interactions of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment and also the relationships and effects of these components with the organisms in the environment.

Environment Categorized

1. Built Environment

2. Natural Environment

3. Social Environment

Built Environment- The term built environment refuse to the human-made surrounding that provides the setting for human activity.

The built environment encompasses places and spaces created or modified by people including buildings, parks or spaces, and supporting infrastructures, such as water supply, or energy network, transporting systems etc.

Built Environment is shaped by:

1. Climate and Geology

2. Economy

3. Government

4. Culture and fashion

5. Technology

6. Customers

Natural Environment- the Natural Environment includes all living and non-living things instance occurring naturally on Earth.

Natural environment is often used as a synonym for habitat. For instance, when we say that, the natural environment of giraffes is the savanna.

Composition Natural Environment

1. The Lithosphere:- The lithosphere is the rigid outermost shell of a rocky planet defined on the basis of the mechanical properties.

2. The Hydrosphere:- the hydrosphere refers to the combined mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of the planet. Ocean, rivers, lakes, ponds and as a whole all the water body of the water body of the earth.

3. The Atmosphere:- The atmosphere of Earth is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth that is retained by Earth’s gravity. The atmosphere protects life on Earth by absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through greenhouse effect, and reducing temperature extremes between day and night.

4. The Biosphere:- The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. It can also be termed the zone of life on Earth, a closed system and largely self-regulating.

The biosphere is the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships.

Social Environment

The social environment refers to the immediate physical and social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops.

It includes the culture that the individual was educated or lives in, and the people and institutions with whom they interact.

The interaction may be in person or through communication media, even anonymous or one-way and may not imply equality of social status.

Social environment includes culture, language, social condition, health, profession, living condition, living condition capability of the people in a certain area.

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