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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, 1919


Place: Amritsar
Date: 13 April 1919 at 5:30 PM
Target: Hindu, Muslim and Sikh religious and political gathering
Type: Massacre
Deaths: 379–1000
Perpetrators: British Indian Army

What is Jallianwala Bagh?

The Jallianwala Bagh has become a famous name and place in the Indian history. The jallianwala bagh massacre, also known (as the Amritsar massacre), took place in the jallianwala bagh public garden in the northern India city of Amritsar Punjab, India. There has construct a memorial in the memory of peaceful people which has been marked as a national valued place in the Punjab state of India.


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What is Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

Jallianwala Bagh massacre and Amritsar massacre was a very unlucky incident for the people in Amritsar which is still remembered by the people of India by the memorial construct in the Amritsar city of the Punjab state.

On Sunday 13 April 1919, Dyer was convinced of a major insurrection and thus he banned all meetings. On hearing that a meeting of 15,000 to 20,000 people Inclusive women, children and the elderly had assembled at jallianwala bagh. the massacre done by the forces of the British rule over the peaceful Indian people who were involved in celebrating the most famous occasion of the Punjabi culture called Punjabi New Year on 13th of April in 1919 at the Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. Dyer went with riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to shoot at the crowd. Dyer continued the  shooting for about ten minutes, until the ammunition supply was almost exhausted; dyer stated that 1,650 rounds has been fired, a number which seems to have been derived by counting empty cartridge cases picked up by the troops. Official British Indians sources gave a figure of 379 identified dead with approximately 1,100 wounded. The casualty number estimated by the Indian national congress was more then 1,500 with approximately 1,000 dead.


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Dyer was removed from duty and forced to discharge by the House of Commons. He became a celebrated hero in Britain among most of the people connected to the British raj. Jallianwala Bagh garden is located in the area of around 6.5 acre means 26,000 acre near to the Golden Temple complex which is much sanctified place for the people of Sikh religions.

The memorial, build up at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre site, is getting managed by the trust called Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust. This memorial was established by the Government of India in the year 1951 as per the Jallianwala Bagh National monument Act. Jallianwala Bagh massacre is coax by the people all over the India every year on 13th of April in order to remember and pay tribute to the people who had sacrificed their lives in that massacre.

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